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How do you conclude a research paper

Writing a Conclusion- CRLS Research Guide

from the topic, you should also restate or rephrase your thesis statement. a way to briefly restate each point mentioned in each topic sentence in your conclusion. desired, you can briefly summarize the answer after stating the question. that an answer may still exist and that further research could shed more light on the topic at hand. research objectives in the social sciences change while the research is being carried out. the conclusion offers you the opportunity to elaborate on the impact and significance of your findings. you've immersed yourself in studying the research problem, you presumably should know a good deal about it, perhaps even more than your professor! a research paper on literary criticism, for instance, is less likely to need a call for action than a paper on the effect that television has on toddlers and young children. in any paper, you'll want to push beyond mere summary to suggest the implications or applications of your work. make sure, however, that your conclusion is not simply a repetitive summary of the findings., prior to your conclusion, you have not yet explained the significance of your findings or if you are proceeding inductively, use the end of your paper to describe your main points and explain their significance. conclusion is the last paragraph in your research paper, or the last part in any. mounting methodologies to measure euv reticle nonflatness (spie proceedings 7470, 2009), by uw–madison professor roxanne l. you want to give your paper a more humanistic slant, you could start and end your paper with a story or anecdote that would give your topic more personal meaning to the reader. this does not refer to introducing new information [which should be avoided], but to offer new insight and creative approaches for framing or contextualizing the research problem based on the results of your study. reader everything about the sources from which you borrowed information. is why it is best practice to start your paper with an introduction that states your main argument, and to end the paper with a conclusion that re-states your thesis for re-iteration. printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom. conclusion of a research paper needs to summarize the content and purpose of the paper without seeming too wooden or dry. this sort of conclusion is so basic, it is vital that you aim to synthesize the information rather than merely summarizing it.

9. The Conclusion - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research

statement should be rephrased from the thesis you included in your introduction. Your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience. to get started, you might ask yourself these questions:How do the ideas in your paper connect to what you have discussed in class, or to what scholars have written in their treatment of your topic? state how your findings differ or support those of others and why. example, if you wanted to get more creative and put a more humanistic spin on a paper on tuberculosis you might start your introduction with a story about a person with the disease, and refer to that story in your conclusion. example would be, in a paper about treatment for drug resistant tuberculosis, you could suggest making a donation to the world health organization or research foundations which are developing new treatments for the disease. this element of your conclusion may be only a few sentences long. most research papers, such as one on effective treatment for diseases, will have the information to make the case for a particular argument already in the paper.'t surprise the reader with new information in your conclusion that was never referenced anywhere else in the paper. depending on the discipline you are writing in, the concluding paragraph may contain your reflections on the evidence presented, or on the essay's central research problem. a specific course or courses of action that, if adopted, could address a specific problem in practice or in the development of new knowledge. a conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable, where you recommend new areas for future research. revisit your main idea or research question with new insight. do i write a conclusion for a science research paper? not spend a great amount of time or space restating your topic. in short, the conclusion is where you should place your research within a larger context [visualize your paper as an hourglass--start with a broad introduction and review of the literature, move to the specific analysis and discussion, conclude with a broad summary of the study's implications and significance]. provide a synthesis of arguments presented in the paper to show how these converge to address the research problem and the overall objectives of your study. a research paper is an analytical discussion of an academic topic, not a mystery novel. your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience. if you have new information to present, add it to the discussion or other appropriate section of the paper.

How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper: 15 Steps

Writing a Conclusion- CRLS Research Guide


every basic conclusion must share several key elements, but there are also several tactics you can play around with to craft a more effective conclusion and several you should avoid in order to prevent yourself from weakening your paper's conclusion. don't try to bring in new points or end with a whiz bang(! instance, if you are writing about a topic like third-world poverty, you can various ways for the reader to assist in the problem without necessarily calling for more research. function of your paper's conclusion is to restate the main argument. instead, write the conclusion to the anecdote in the conclusion of your paper. is always best practice to address important issues and fully explain your points in the body of your paper. as these changes emerge they must be documented so that they accurately reflect what you were trying to accomplish in your research [not what you thought you might accomplish when you began]. by continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. example would be if you were writing a paper on the epidemiology of an infectious disease, you might say something like "tuberculosis is a widespread infectious disease that affects millions of people worldwide every year. do this by stating clearly the context, background, and necessity of pursuing the research problem you investigated in relation to an issue, controversy, or a gap found in the literature.  don't undermine your authority by saying something like, "this is just one approach to examining this problem; there may be other, much better approaches that. however, the nature of being introspective about the research you have done will depend on the topic and whether your professor wants you to express your observations in this way. your thoughts and conveying the larger significance of your study. may not be appropriate for all types of research papers. good example of a paper that might ask a question of the reader in the ending is one about a social issue, such as poverty or government policy. sure that the question can be answered by the evidence presented in your paper. if you are including a call to action in your conclusion, you could provide your reader with a recommendation on how to proceed with further research. here are ways to think about the purpose of a conclusion:To connect the paper's findings to a larger context, such as the wider conversation about an issue as it is presented in a course or in other published writing. resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. in the conclusion, use your summary of the negative results as an opportunity to explain their possible significance and/or how they may form the basis for future research.

9. The Conclusion - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research

Purdue OWL: Argument Papers

a key statistic, fact, or visual image to emphasize the ultimate point of your paper." question by placing the study within the context of past research about the topic you've investigated. this is especially true if the information is vital to the argument or research presented in your paper. just as the introduction gives a first impression to your reader, the conclusion offers a chance to leave a lasting impression. example of a good thesis statement, going back to the paper on tuberculosis, would be "tuberculosis is a widespread disease that affects millions of people worldwide every year. the same concepts and images introduced in your introduction in your conclusion. academic writing, a well-crafted conclusion can provide the final word on the value of your analysis, research, or paper. most circumstances, you should avoid writing new information in your conclusion. of merely repeating things you already said, rephrase your thesis and supporting points in a way that ties them all together. read a fuller version of this page, download this pdf. your viewpoint on the main idea of your research paper. the images may or may not appear at other points throughout the research paper. another example from the humanities would be a paper about the italian renaissance: "the italian renaissance was an explosion of art and ideas centered around artists, writers, and thinkers in florence.: this resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. a relevant quotation or expert opinion already noted in your paper in order to lend authority to the conclusion you have reached [a good place to look is research from your literature review]. without a call to action, you can still make a recommendation to your reader.[11] the most basic conclusion is the summary closing, which is very similar to the paper's introduction. do not repeat any of the supporting details used within your body paragraphs. paper that is more likely to call readers to action is one that addresses a public or scientific need.., how your research contributes new understanding or fills an important gap in the literature].

How to write a conclusion for a research paper | Q&A – Research

here are some writing tips to keep in mind when creating the conclusion for your next research paper. evidence expands the topic of your paper by making it appear more detailed. the conclusion can be where you describe how a previously identified gap in the literature [described in your literature review section] has been filled by your research. it is the final page of your project and it tells. to go from here:As you write your conclusion, keep your introduction in front. that once you accomplish these tasks, unless otherwise directed by your instructor, you are finished. you already fully explained what the points in your paper mean or why they are significant, you do not need to go into them in much detail in your conclusion. if and when needed, you can state to your readers that there is a need for further research on your paper's topic. conclusions may also call for action or overview future possible research. problems, drawbacks, and challenges encountered during your study should be summarized as a way of qualifying your overall conclusions.[12] tie your research paper together by directly linking your introduction with your conclusion. this question is often the same question, or some version of it, that you may have started out with when you began your research. wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper. this reduces the impact of the argument(s) you have developed in your essay. the consequences of your research in a way that elicits action or demonstrates urgency in seeking change. conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. essentially, you need to remind your reader what you told them in the body of the paper. the following outline may help you conclude your paper:Restate your topic and why it is important,Restate your thesis/claim,Address opposing viewpoints and explain why readers should align with your position,Call for action or overview future research possibilities. your initial hypothesis and indicate whether you still believe it or if the research you performed has begun swaying your opinion. the conclusion is not the place for details about your methodology or results.

  • Conclusions - The Writing Center

    the point of a conclusion to a research paper is to summarize your argument for the reader and, perhaps, to call the reader to action if needed. opportunities for future research if you haven't already done so in the discussion section of your paper. significant information should be introduced in the body of the paper. an anecdote or story in your introduction but do not share the ending. not simply reiterate your results or the discussion of your results. the following points to help ensure your conclusion is appropriate:If the argument or purpose of your paper is complex, you may need to summarize the argument for your reader. nevertheless, by the time you have finished writing, you may be having some doubts about what you have produced. it is a central institutional characteristic of the judiciary, which has significant predictive power in important constitutional domains and also significant normative implications. are the consequences of the strongest idea that comes out of your paper? to an anecdote, an example, or a quotation that you presented in your introduction, but add further insight derived from the findings of your study; use your interpretation of results to recast it in new ways. good way to go about this is to re-read the topic sentence of each major paragraph or section in the body of your paper. The conclusion of a research paper needs to summarize the content and purpose of the paper without seeming too wooden or dry. writing the conclusion to your paper, follow these general rules:State your conclusions in clear, simple language. first person is generally considered to be very informal and does not fit with the formal tone of a research paper. a single sentence is all you need to restate your topic. often, a shift in tone occurs when a research paper with an academic tone is give an emotional or sentimental conclusion. instead of handing the reader the conclusion, you are asking the reader to form his or her own conclusion. simply restating your thesis or the significance of your topic should suffice. being introspective means looking within yourself as an author to try and understand an issue more deeply, not to guess at possible outcomes or make up scenarios not supported by evidence. it reminds the reader of the strengths of your main argument(s) and reiterates the most important evidence supporting those argument(s).
  • Conclusion paragraph research paper - YouTube

    for example, if your paper is about endangered species and why they are becoming endangered and you feel it's due to neglect by world citizens, then that's your hypothesis: the increasing numbers of endangered species is due to failure on the part of citizens of the world to care for the environment. to feel that you supported what you stated in your thesis. order to be able to discuss how your research fits back into your field of study [and possibly the world at large], you need to summarize briefly and succinctly how it contributes to new knowledge or a new understanding about the research problem., using a phrase like "in conclusion" to begin your conclusion is a little too straight-forward and tends to lead to a weak conclusion. may make a suggestion for further research or a call to action, but you should not bring in any new evidence or facts in the conclusion. you have finished your conclusion, proof-read your paper,And made a final draft, you are now ready to put together your. after moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into more general information that restates the main points of your argument. the introduction, your task was to move from general [the field of study] to specific [your research problem]. purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences. good research paper will make the importance of your topic apparent, so you do not need to write an elaborate defense of your topic in the conclusion. doing so, you make your research paper seem like a "complete thought" rather than a collection of random and vaguely related ideas.: if asked to think introspectively about the topics, do not delve into idle speculation. you could also leave the question hanging for the reader to answer, though.." the overall tone of your conclusion should convey confidence to the reader. although you should give a summary of what was learned from your research, this summary should be relatively brief, since the emphasis in the conclusion is on the implications, evaluations, insights, and other forms of analysis that you make. at the end of a paper, a reader wants to know how to benefit from the work you accomplished in your paper. if the topic of the paper is of personal significance for you, you should not indicate as much in your paper. conclusion also provides a place for you to persuasively and succinctly restate your research problem, given that the reader has now been presented with all the information about the topic. preacher's maxim is one of the most effective formulas to follow for argument papers:Tell what you're going to tell them (introduction). good, effective research paper will allow your reader to follow your main argument from start to finish.
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    • Writing a Conclusion - Answering the Research Question

      well-written conclusion provides you with important opportunities to demonstrate to the reader your understanding of the research problem. if your paper is long or complex, some summary of your key points will remind readers of the ground you've covered. do this, for example, by highlighting key points in your analysis or results or by noting important or unexpected implications applied to practice. if your research paper presented multiple sides of an issue, use your conclusion to state a logical opinion formed by your evidence. note that, although no actual new information is introduced, the conclusion is where you offer your most "original" contributions in the paper; it's where you describe the value of your research, demonstrate that you understand the material that you’ve presented, and locate your findings within the larger context of scholarship on the topic, including describing how your research contributes new insights or value to that scholarship. your discipline encourages personal reflection, illustrate your concluding point with a relevant narrative drawn from your own life experiences. conclusions take the paper beyond summary and demonstrate a further appreciation of the paper's argument and its significance: why it works, why it is meaningful, and why it is valuable. do not make statements that downplay your authority or discoveries. had their opinion changed by what you have written or created! in your conclusion, restate the question and provide a direct answer. academic center, the university of houston-victoria, 2003; make your last words count. if your paper proceeds in an inductive manner and you have not fully explained the significance of your points yet, you need to do so in your conclusion. can you return to the question or situation you describe in your introduction? for example, you could say something like this before you re-state your thesis in your conclusion: "patient x was unable to complete the treatment for tuberculosis due to severe side effects and unfortunately succumbed to the disease. if your paper is short, your readers may not need a summary. your research did not provide you with a clear-cut answer to a question posed in your thesis, do not be afraid to indicate as much. suggest the implications of your findings or the importance of the topic. the tone of your research paper should be consistent the entire way through. parts:sample conclusionswriting a basic conclusionmaking your conclusion as effective as possibleavoiding common pitfallscommunity q&a. a "take-home" message in the form of a strong, succinct statement that you want the reader to remember about your study.
    • Writing Resources - How to Write an APA Style Research Paper

      possible new or expanded ways of thinking about the research problem.) conclusion or try to solve world hunger in the final sentence of your conclusion. show readers the value of your completely developed argument or thoroughly answered question. there are still many questions left unanswered about the mckoys, and many possible truths to be drawn from their lives, i have aimed in this article to establish that at least two things are not true: the tale of the beneficent and beloved slaveowners and the resigned, downcast expression on millie's face in the altered picture. conclusion should only summarize what you have already stated in the body of your paper. example, in the tb paper you could summarize the information. to help you move beyond merely summarizing the key points of your research paper may include any of the following:If your essay deals with a contemporary problem, warn readers of the possible consequences of not attending to the problem. it should not be identical or too similar to the sentence you originally used. call to action in this research paper would be a follow-up statement that might be along the lines of "despite new efforts to diagnose and contain the disease, more research is needed to develop new antibiotics that will treat the most resistant strains of tuberculosis and ease the side effects of current treatments. re-wording your thesis statement in a way that complements your summary of the topic of your paper in your first sentence of your conclusion.., findings that are validated outside the research context in which they were generated], you must report them in the results section and discuss their implications in the discussion section of your paper. while it may be tempting to save your thesis in order to create a dramatic end to your paper, doing so will create a paper that seems less cohesive and more unorganized. enough information about your topic to back the statement up but do not get too carried away with excess detail. this is not a problem unless you forget to go back and refine the original objectives in your introduction. highlighting the need for further research provides the reader with evidence that you have an in-depth awareness of the research problem. however, in the conclusion, your task is to move from a specific discussion [your research problem] back to a general discussion [i. a question that will directly get at the heart or purpose of the paper. do i write an introduction about bachelor of secondary education? these include:Presenting the last word on the issues you raised in your paper. many sentences should a conclusion in a research paper be?

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