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Culture shock research paper

Cultural Shock research | Yuliani Arifin -

those problems include: culture shock to varying degrees coupled with emotional issues(bailey, 2005), language barriers along with other communication problems (sherry et al, 2009), and academic problems due to a change in school curriculum (ra. culture shock occurs when people have different values and beliefs and are not tolerant of each others differences(eckermann,dowd,chong,nixon,gray and johnson,2006. you can download the paper by clicking the button above. anthropology is valuable because has the ability to remove the shock and misunderstanding that occurs when examining an alien worldview. though culture shock cannot be avoided completely it can be decreased significantly through appropriate preparation. as it is also used to describe the whole adaptation process, the word shock does not appear to fit too well. this paper aims at giving an overview of the main aspects of culture shock, its causes and influential factors, the consequences and symptoms, and finally a section on possible solutions to the problem.. reactions to culture shock - how to deal with culture shock.- a sudden change in one’s surroundings can result in culture shock. it occurred to me that she needed to shock people into changing for the better.

Culture Shock - Causes, Consequences and Solutions: The

in some cases the experience of culture shock might even strengthen cultural identity, which is not the best approach either. due to restrictions as to the volume of this paper, the work mainly focuses on sojourners, that are sent abroad for the sake of a business assignment. the misleading term "culture contact" doesn't begin to express the dramatic effects of changes brought by outsiders the shock of "contact" has taken many forms, initially, at least, to indigenous people just the physical presence of outsiders was shocking.."culture shock is a sudden and disturbing impression on the mind or the own concept of culture produced by some unwelcome occurrence or perception in a foreign culture lasting depression, a thrill, or an excited feeling of any kind. after my shock wore off i thought about why the author had chosen to be so cynical.- through research this document will examine how scandinavians have affected the economy and culture of washington. shock including its variety of symptoms and outcomes is a completely normal physical and psychological reaction to a foreign environment. are six main aspects determining the culture shock process:Strain, due to the distress of the adaptation process. a typical development along oberg's culture shock model would show the chauvinistic reaction type during the actual crisis phase, followed by the marginal type vacillating between the two cultures, and finally resulting into the passing or the mediating type depending on the state of adjustment., adrian/ bochner, stephen: "social difficulty in a foreign culture: an empirical analysis of culture shock" in bochner, stephen: "cultures in contact", oxford, 1982.

  • Free culture shock Essays and Papers

    however, besides this rather narrow interpretation of culture shock there is also a broader point of view, which includes the whole process of adaptation during an international encounter. other personality factors related to the culture shock process are coping with humor, personal flexibility, and tolerance of ambiguity. paper (postgraduate),Culture shock - cultural differences in coping strategies. course this model only describes an ideal process of culture shock and adaptation. culture shock is a shock caused by being confronted with a different culture, but there is far more to the concept than that. all these measures help to prevent the "out of sight - out of mind" phenomenon that contributes to the problems of re-entry shock.. dass ich mein seminar paper bei keiner anderen prüfung vorgelegt habe.- changing values and culture shock “kids today have no moral values or sense of culture! the crisis-phase, which describes the actual culture shock, perceived differences in language, values and symbols between the own and the foreign culture cause feelings of anxiety and frustration.(2) intercultural experience - the adjustment process appears to be easier for individuals who went through culture shock and adaptation before.
  • Culture shock research paper - Academic Papers Writing Help You

    however, resent dramatic change in norms strains the cultures of many societies leading to cultural shock. previous section already described the various symptoms that can occur due to these six aspects of culture shock. nevertheless, an international assignment also goes along with a high social pressure in the family or relationship, the temporary or permanent loss of social relations, a risk for career planning, and depending on the host country considerable culture shock and integration problems. being left to fend for themselves would most likely increase the negative effects of culture shock and thus make adjustment much more difficult and stressful for all persons involved. on the other side the multinational corporates are the most eminent example how the cultural diversity can be enriching and productive as well in same time cultural and background differences can cause differences in understanding and even cultural shock or conflicts..There are also models considering the return to the home culture as another cycle of culture shock and thus change the u-curve into a w-curve. over time various models and theories concerning the culture shock and adaptation process were developed. Shock - Causes, Consequences and Solutions: The International Experience - Sonja Manz - Research Paper (undergraduate) - Business economics - Miscellaneous - Publish your bachelor's or master's thesis, dissertation, term paper or essayYour search returned over 400 essays for "culture shock". word shock fits for the actual event of culture shock, the state of distress after an initial enthusiasm.(6) specific intercultural knowledge - specific knowledge about the characteristics of a certain culture decreases culture shock.
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  • Culture Shock in a Global World: Factors Affecting Culture Shock

    the euphoria is followed by a crisis, the actual culture shock. he thought of four consecutive stages that determine the culture shock process, which vary significantly as to the sojourner's perception and behavior. newsletter keeps you up to date with all new papers in your subjects. even though the potential benefits of intercultural training on the negative effects of culture shock is widely acknowledged, there are still companies not offering any training at all. culture shock serves as an indicator that there is something to explore about the foreign as well as the own culture. marx found it to be more realistic to use a model "that is not strictly linear but integrates a dynamic and repetitive cycle of positive and negative phases until you break through culture shock.- cultural shock in chekhov's the cherry orchard     anton chekhov's the cherry orchard projects the cultural conflict of the turn of the twentieth century of russia. it is obvious that the severance of culture shock varies significantly among these groups. the various symptoms that can occur in relation to culture shock table 1 on page 8 distinguishes between physical, cognitive and behavioral factors:Illustration not visible in this excerpt. in addition, when an individual or a group becomes foreign, there is a sudden need to adapt to the indigenous behaviours and this causes stress as well as culture shock.
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Culture Shock Due to Contact with Unfamiliar Cultures

Culture shock and the international student 'offshore' - Jul 31, 2016

besides this narrow definition of the actual shock the expression is also used in order to describe the whole process a sojourner goes through during an international encounter. "it is a myth that experiencing culture shock is a weakness or a negative indication of future international success. as the importance of language skills with regard to interpersonal communication with host nationals and the influence on the effects of culture shock were already mentioned in section 2. appropriate intercultural training and therefore intercultural competence helps a lot during the culture shock process, but unfortunately it cannot avoid it completely. previous section dealt with the different phases that an intercultural sojourner has to go through during the culture shock or adaptation process. the barriers are changing in attitudes and experiences of students, developing metacognitive skills, culture shocks and the university requirements such as ielts exam and learning. that the concept of culture shock is a bit clearer it is possible to have a closer look at this assumption and try to evaluate it. this paper will be able to introduce the argument of dealing with males and females in a masculine and feminine environment surrounded by the caribbean culture and lifestyle. also have an influence on the extent and duration of culture shock. bock, philip: "culture shock - a reader in modern cultural anthropology", washington, d.


hofstede for example states that culture shock is a "state of distress following the transfer of a person to an unfamiliar cultural environment", which may also be accompanied by physical symptoms. furnham and bochner distinguish between three categories of conditions that influence the duration and extent of culture shock:(1) cultural differences - the outcome of culture shock appears to be a function of the differences between the own and the foreign culture., elisabeth: "breaking through culture shock: what you need to succeed in international business"; london, 1999. they did this by using newspapers, promoters, and even return passage.(3) cognitive flex - the open-mindedness towards foreign attitudes, ideas, environments lowers the effects of culture shock.- dealing with culture shock in american expatriate community the american expatriate community is the population of all americans that are temporarily or permanently living outside the borders of the united states.- warning: ready for a culture shock what really is a culture shock. as to the factors that cause culture shock, they are not really unwelcome, but they are foreign and different, and thus irritating. culture shock can include, meeting new people, language barriers, social behaviors, and a sense of community. besides seeing culture shock as a completely normal process there are also approaches that state that additional acculturative stress might result in faster and more effective acculturation.

Cultural Shock research | Yuliani Arifin -

Coping with Culture Shock in Second Language Settings: A

it is the initial differences, which is called culture-shock, that often cause worry, fear, and sometimes withdrawl. research will show how the government and especially the railroad worked to endorse the influx of scandinavian immigrants.- terrorism: an external shock of a globalized society for many, living in a globalized world has generated many benefits and welfare gains to their society, yet now it may be in jeopardy..Almost everybody who spends some time abroad experiences the problem of culture shock. very significant aspect in the field of intercultural management is the issue of culture shock, which is discussed in this work. however, after reading the story i was shocked and disgusted like millions of other readers because of what the “lottery” was all about. furnham, adrian/ bochner, stephen: "social difficulty in a foreign culture: an empirical analysis of culture shock" in bochner, stephen: "cultures in contact", oxford, 1982, p. they show between three and nine different phases but all of them have the u-curve-like development in common, starting with euphoria decreasing to escalation or culture shock and finally growing and improving up to the individual extent of adjustment. recovery and adjustment phase involve a compromise between the initial exaggerated feelings during the honeymoon phase and the frustrating reality experienced when culture shock set in. person reacts differently to the effects of culture shock, thus the model is not generally valid.

Culture Shock - Causes, Consequences and Solutions: The

International Students: Culture Shock and Adaptation to the U.S.

during the crisis phase many different psychological and physical symptoms of culture shock can occur with varying severance, ranging from homesickness to depression and serious illnesses.- the term the shock doctrine was created by journalist naomi klein in her book the shock doctrine: the rise of disaster capitalism which refers to the idea that economic liberalists formed an entire industry take advantage of disasters such as natural disasters or military coups and privatize everything they can get their hands on.- culture shock 1 definition of culture culture as the most complex terms has countless different definitions ranging from complicated phrases to the simple statement describing culture as "the way we do things around here"., philip: "culture shock - a reader in modern cultural anthropology", washington, d. the extent of adjustment does not depend on whether the negative symptoms of culture shock are experienced, but how they are coped with. for example, when a person goes to live in a different place with unfamiliar surroundings, they may experience culture shock."39 culture shock is the best and maybe even the only means to experience and understand foreign cultures. however, before starting to go into detail on culture shock, its causes, consequences and possible solutions it makes sense to define the term culture in general. shock is certainly a disturbing impression, but it is not that sudden as the term shock implies. psychological and emotional effects of culture shock are more obvious or at least they are easier brought into relation with the phenomenon.

Free culture shock Essays and Papers

the effects of culture shock are usually limited to the last two forms of international assignment. due to problems of transferring lysgaard's research results to cultures other than the anglo-american one and the unclear definition of the indicators, this model is commonly regarded to be too weak and over-generalized. shock research11 pagescultural shock researchuploaded byyuliani arifin  connect to downloadget docxcultural shock researchdownloadcultural shock researchuploaded byyuliani arifinloading previewsorry, preview is currently unavailable. many scientists dealt with the phenomenon of culture shock and found own definitions but most of them stick very closely to the one oberg gave in 1960. in this essay i have to admit i will not be discussing how the world is going to be hit by some huge culture shock, but how culture and identity relate to situations in my life. intercultural encounters can expose individuals to heavy acculturative stress that in most cases leads to culture shock. term culture shock was first mentioned in literature by kalvero oberg in 1960. the actual "culture shock can appear in a number of guises, varying from mild to severe homesickness, feeling frustrated and suffering alienation and isolation. all of these definitions have in common, that they see culture shock as an unpleasant reaction to being faced with a foreign culture. jamaica was not unlike the united states in a terrible way, but the disparities made me additionally interested in researching about the beautiful and culture-rich country of jamaica.

nevertheless, there might also be serious physical symptoms going along with culture shock including an increased amount of illnesses and injuries. of naomi klein’s book, the shock doctrine: the rise of disaster capitalism. marx, elisabeth: "breaking through culture shock: what you need to succeed in international business"; london, 1999, p. enter the title keyword:Free culture shock papers, essays, and research papers. culture shock in all its diverse forms is completely normal and is part of a successful process of adaptation. it is forever played upon in pop culture for it's shock value if nothing else. oberg described the symptoms of culture shock as follows:"… excessive washing of the hands; excessive concern over drinking water, food, dishes, and bedding; fear of physical contact with attendants or servants; the absent far-away stare; a feeling of helplessness and a desire for dependence on long-term residents of one's nationality; fits of anger over delays and other minor frustrations; delay and outright refusal to learn the language of the host country; excessive fear of being cheated, robbed and injured; great concern over minor pains and eruptions of the skin; and finally that terrible longing to be back home…"29. while the expatriate is busy with getting acquainted to the new work environment and the nature of the job, the family feels isolated and suffers from the effects of culture shock even worse than the expatriate himself. culture shock culture is all about an individual knowledge based on belief ,art,morals customs. looking especially at business sojourners, the expatriates, it can be said that an efficient and effective selection process of candidates and adequate intercultural training before, during and even after the assignment can be very beneficial in reducing the negative outcomes of culture shock.

Culture shock research paper - Academic Papers Writing Help You

- personal narrative- a lesson in culture shock “ you want to be the same as american girls on the outside. it is evident that man has constantly felt the breath of changing values and cultural shock breathing down his neck, following him relentlessly over ages and posing him the same apparent danger that we claim to face today. all the factors described in this part correspond to the aspects influencing culture shock that were mentioned under point 2. developed the culture shock inventory model that categorizes the skills and competencies into 8 dimensions, that serve as basis for the evaluation of candidates' aptitude.- i still remember the shock i got when i first moved here. "expatriates who were most aware of themselves and their emotions experienced the most intense culture shock, but it was exactly because of this intense awareness of differences that they were also able to adapt more effectively later on."59 other researches also observed a robust relationship between cultural distance and sociocultural adjustment problems. in his article oberg defined culture shock as follows: "culture shock is precipitated by the anxiety that results from losing all our familiar signs and symbols of social intercourse.- one of the biggest hindrances to people living in a new culture is the initial culture-shock that people experience, as well as the culture-stress that occurs as time progresses. why somebody experiences the negative effects of culture shock, what determines them, how intense the experience is and whether the individual finds a way out of the crisis cannot be answered by the model.

Culture Shock in a Global World: Factors Affecting Culture Shock

this view is supported by a study among canadian expatriates in africa that showed that those who experienced culture shock were most effective in the end. this definition in order to understand the term culture shock one might assume culture shock is a sudden and disturbing impression on the mind or the own concept of culture produced by some unwelcome occurrence or perception in a foreign culture lasting depression, a thrill, or an excited feeling of any kind. oberg, kalvero: "cultural shock: adjustment to new cultural environments" in practical anthropology 7 (1960), quoted in gibson, 2000, p. paper (postgraduate),Intercultural management research from an intercultural and a trans.. reactions to culture shock - how to deal with culture shock. already mentioned oberg was the first to introduce the term culture shock. term culture shock refers to the feelings of distress and unease when being exposed to a foreign culture. the name of this industry is the disaster capitalism complex and it is comprised of the corporations and organizations that see recently shocked areas as ripe for the emplacement of economically liberal policies and institutions. this paper will take in hand integration of the scandinavian culture into the existing one. among these problems include; adjusting to a new culture, cultural stress, cross-cultural male-female relationships, reverse cultural shock, communication difficulties which finally lead to learning difficulties, cultural discrimination and a decision made after gra.

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the exception of euphoria every phase of the culture shock process corresponds to a certain reaction type.- the shock of the novel the lottery by shirley jackson the first time i read “the lottery” by shirley jackson, i thought it would be about someone in a desperate situation who wins a large amount of money. culture shock refers to the anxiety and surprise a person feels when he or she is discontented with an unfamiliar setting. on the other hand there are intercultural encounters that only show minor effects of crisis or even no culture shock at all. even within organizations there is the possibility of culture shock referring to different business cultures.- in my day in the field, i will be writing in the point of view of the person filming professor chagnon, as well as pictures while he does his research on the yanomamo. 2 culture shock model after oberg22 figure 3 dynamic culture shock model after. found out that the symptoms of culture shock last for about seven weeks on average and stated the following five aspects according to their priority: feeling isolated anxiety and worry reduction in job performance high energy (probably nervous energy, or caused by changing circumstances) helplessness. economics - marketing, corporate communication, crm, market research, social media. the degree and length of culture shock vary significantly due to differences in the individual, the cultures involved and the situation of the encounter.

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