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Dissertation on hospital waste management

Hospital Waste Management in Nonteaching Hospitals of Lucknow

health centers used safety boxes for collection of sharp wastes. extent or strength of linear relationship between numbers of patients and amount of healthcare waste generation rate were checked using spearman’s rank correlation coefficient (rs) in all health centers. containers for hazardous and non hazardous waste55formal or informal hcw separation guideline55labeling of the container37personal protective equipment usage by hcw handlers73hcw transportation container with lid010presence of interim hcw storage container91treatment of infectious waste before disposing off09ash remain disposal within close damping82fencing the incinerator73placental pit constructed with concrete73focal person for hcw in health center100presence of sop for hcw64presence of hcw management committee37registration book for any hcw injury or contamination64managers concern on hcw64needle stick injury in the past 12 months82any risk to hcw handlers73. cross-sectional study was conducted to quantify waste generation rate and evaluate its management system. the annual flow of patients and mean healthcare waste generation rate per patient per day (the assumption was each patient who visited the health center may generate the same amount of hcw throughout the year). puncture and leak proof containers with a lid should be used for disposal in order to minimize the risks for healthcare wastes. high amount of healthcare waste per day was generated at site g and site e health centers, 14. the other option should be outsourcing healthcare wastes to the private partners or other stake holders also important. training should be given to healthcare workers and waste handlers.

Clinical Waste Management in District Hospitals of Tumpat, Batu

sharps and needle stick injuries are the commonest form of hiv, hepatitis b virus and hepatitis virus c exposure in health institutions especially for healthcare workers and waste handlers. of the health centers had no current standard operational procedures for healthcare waste management, it was also confirmed by seven of health centers haven’t had any applicable national, regional and local guideline for health care wastes management moreover seven of the health centers didn’t organize healthcare waste management committee (table 6). kg/day of healthcare waste was from delivery case team where as less amount (0. annual mean (±sd) healthcare waste generation rate per health center was 3501. care was taken during waste collection; data collectors use gloves, masks, gown and antiseptics to prevent infection. the study aimed to assess the existing generation and management practice of healthcare waste in selected government health centers of addis ababa. kg/day were general or non-hazardous waste and hazardous waste, respectively [3]. healthcare waste management committee must be established at all level of the health facilities and preparation of national guideline for healthcare waste is encouraging. amount of healthcare waste generated and waste management practice were the outcome variables where as the material used for healthcare waste collection, transportation, presence or absence of healthcare waste management policies and segregation of healthcare waste at the source were independent variables.

Healthcare waste generation and management practice in

data quality was assured by the measurement of waste by using spring balance capacity range from 20gm to 400 gm, electronic infant scale model acs-20a-ye, electronic balance model sartorius basic type ba6100, electronic compact balance model epb-10001 l digital scale and xy electronic balance model xy-jc/jb”. at present, there is no available information that describes the actual practice of handling the healthcare waste in the health centers of addis ababa. waste management system had been given very little attention in all health centers. pre treatment of infectious wastes was not practiced by any of the health centers. the results on evaluation of the average quantity of healthcare wastes and waste management system were reported using different descriptive statistics. this study all the health centers used incinerators, no open burning was occurred for disposing used needles and other sharps, different studies had done in most african countries, waste disposal was reported to be problematic. small amount of healthcare waste was recorded at site j and site d health centers, 3. black bags were contained for non infectious (non risk) wastes. data collectors were trained to use protective materials when handling healthcare wastes.

Healthcare Waste Management: Qualitative and Quantitative

this may be the segregation of healthcare waste at point of generation is weak in health facilities and assumed these wastes are non-contaminated and pose no risk of infection. interview was conducted about the management issues with the health center managers. addis ababa city administration health bureau (aacahb) in the near future builds health centers in every woreda also the health policy of the country supports the healthcare waste management. was also different with the study done in sylhet city, bangladesh in diagnosis center and higher clinics general waste accounted 63. mean healthcare waste generation rate in gram per patient per day per health center in this study was 57. all health centers used incinerators and had placenta pit for disposal of pathological waste however only seven out of ten pits had proper covering material. such management of the healthcare waste is doing by traditional way and some of the healthcare waste disposal to be in-forced by the good will of managers. describe the type of healthcare waste generated from selected government health centers. this needle stick injury may be related with improper handling of healthcare wastes particularly sharps because unsafe sharps waste collection due to improper segregation of wastes at the source.

Healthcare waste management during disasters and its effects on

determine the healthcare waste generation rate at selected government health centers. of health of ethiopia has prepared healthcare waste management guidelines in 2007 for the safe handling and disposal of health care wastes also the promotion of occupational health and the protection of the environment from healthcare waste [18]. developing countries such as ethiopia the international or local policy that generator of waste is responsible for the proper management, treatment and disposal of waste has remained on paper and is yet to be implemented. and analyzed by statistical package for social science (spss) for window version 15 to enable the estimation of healthcare waste generation rate in each health center. all health centers used open bucket for the transportation of healthcare wastes (table 6). proportion of general (38%) and hazardous (62%) of healthcare wastes in this study was different in who report in hospital setting, general was 85% and hazardous was 15% [2]. waste management practice and risks of healthcare waste in study health centers addis ababa city administration, january 2011. it can also help the policy makers, the researchers and other concerned bodies to develop effective healthcare waste management system to addis ababa and the country as a whole. in ethiopia showed the mean standard deviation (± sd) of healthcare waste generation rate per health center was 1. Resume for high school leaver

Dissertation on hospital waste management

another study in the hospital of addis ababa, ethiopia showed the mean healthcare waste produced were 0. of wastes at point of generation with appropriate collection materials and pre- treatment of infectious waste before disposal should be practiced. but six out of ten studied health centers, standard operational procedures, as well as any applicable local or regional guidelines about healthcare waste management were not found. flow, healthcare waste generation rate and its types such as general and hazardous waste (sharps, infectious, and pathological waste) among different health centers were compared using kruskal-wallis test to check for the presence of significant difference among their values. total wastes per day were measured at each study unit by removing the plastic bags every morning and its weight was measured every day at 9:00 a. health organization (who) reported that from the total waste generated by health care activities, 85% is general waste and the balance is considered as hazardous, as it tends to be infectious, toxic or radioactive [2]. data were collected by using pre-prepared data entry sheet for the daily measurement of the amount of healthcare waste rate, pre tested check list and interview tools. and daily amount of healthcare waste generation rate by point source in health centers, addis ababa city admin. there are different estimates regarding the share of general and hazardous constituents of health care waste generation. Resume for paraprofessionals in special education

"Effectiveness of healthcare waste management interventions in

this study will help different organizations, stakeholders and policy makers to correct and improve the existing situation of healthcare waste legislation and enforcement and training of staff in the healthcare facilities in addis ababa. four of the health centers had no registration book for any injury or healthcare waste contamination to their staffs (table 6). data were collected using both waste collecting and measuring equipment and check list. there was a significant difference to mean of healthcare waste (χ. they were not convenient to waste handlers, the public and the environment by releasing bad odor to the atmosphere and accessible for vector breeding. annual healthcare waste generation rate can be calculated and the estimation per health center was 3501. segregation and treatment of healthcare waste were not well practiced this exposes healthcare workers, waste handlers and the public to health risk. this was similar with other study conducted on four hospitals in nigeria segregation of waste was not practice by any of the study health institutions [14]. assess the practice of waste management at selected government health centers.

Public Health Risks from Mismanagement of Healthcare Wastes in

all health centers used safety boxes for collection of sharp wastes and all health centers used plastic buckets without lid for collection and transportation of healthcare waste. comparison of visitors, healthcare waste generation rate and its types among health centers were compared using kurskal-wallis test and relation of visitors and amount of healthcare waste in study health centers were computed by spearman’s rank correlation. responsibility of healthcare wastes showed that eight of the health centers had different health professionals and administrator staffs to run the management, two health centers had used sanitarians. these practices were adjacent to the study area that half of the study health centers had no formal or informal separation of the healthcare waste guidelines (table 6). mean (±sd) healthcare waste generation rate per health centers was 9.% of healthcare waste was in delivery case team where as fewer amounts 0. were limited studies in our country as focused on the hospital healthcare waste generation and handling practice. it was similar with a review done by solomon, on healthcare waste management in ethiopia, it was reported that there was no guidelines specifically deals with hazardous waste and waste from healthcare activities at micro level even though there is at federal level prepared by the environmental policy of ethiopia, the public health proclamation no. kg/day of healthcare waste was generated at imnci case team.

A descriptive study on evaluation of bio-medical waste management

assess the existing generation and management practice of healthcare wastes in selected government health centers of addis ababa. the notion that waste is the responsibility of the government authorities has not enable waste generators to appreciate the negative impact of improper waste disposal. waste management system in this study revealed that segregation of waste at source was practiced by half of health centers. amount of daily healthcare waste generation rate in health centers, addis ababa city admin.) in the total healthcare waste generation rate between health centers (see table 4).% of healthcare waste was in imnci and growth monitoring case team (table 3). the incinerators were built from local bricks but four health centers have no adequate air inlets for facilitating combustion of wastes. and environmental effects, uncertainty regarding regulations and negative perceptions by waste handlers are some important concerns in healthcare waste management in a country [5]. segregation and treatment are the most important option in the management of hazardous wastes.Awareness and management of hospital waste in developing three out of ten health centers, the waste handlers didn’t wear heavy duty gloves and wear sturdy shoes while working. of types and amount of daily hazardous and non-hazardous waste generation rate in health centers, addis ababa city admin. healthcare wastes generated from health facilities and diagnostic activities can be broadly categorized to general waste and hazardous waste. another assumption is the limitation of existing facilities, lack of adequate institutional arrangements, operation insufficiency, local authorities inefficiency in performing their task effectively are some points for the poor management but few take proper care of their waste. at least 11 case teams were chosen; delivery, emergency injection and dressing room, laboratory, human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) counseling and testing and anti retroviral treatment (art), pharmacy, focus antenatal care (fanc), expanded program for immunization (epi), family planning (fp), tuberculosis (tb) and leprosy, out patient department (opd), and integrated management of neonatal and child illness (imnci) and growth monitoring. the mean (±sd) healthcare waste generation rate in all section was 8. of wastes at source was not practiced at all health centers in this study and also in west gojjam zone, ethiopia [3]. this variation may be due to the risk of used needles and sharps related with improper collection might be given better attention by governmental health system, getting training by waste handlers and managers. half of the health centers didn’t have separate containers for the collection of hazardous and non hazardous wastes. Resume lines of code

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was statistically significant of healthcare waste generation rate in different case teams of the health center (χ. cytotoxic to three of the health centers and reagent wastes to four health centers were found. it was also different from another study done in sylhet city, bangladesh in diagnosis center and higher clinics, the mean healthcare waste generation rate was 0. majority, nine of the health centers, had interim waste storage and easy for the staffs to access but six of the health centers interim waste storage containers had no lid and the storage time was over 48 hours (table 6). wastes threaten the public, since the health care facilities are situated in the heart of the city and therefore healthcare waste, if not properly managed can cause dangerous infection and posses a potential threat to the surrounding environment, person handling it and to the public. effective management of proper disposal of the healthcare waste is uncertain. all health centers used incinerators for onsite destruction of health care wastes except placenta which was disposed to placenta damping pits. yellow bags were contained for infectious clinical wastes and yellow safety boxes for sharp wastes.. income, living standard, awareness about disease), healthcare waste management and legislation of system of the country. Thesis statement on nanotechnology | Hospital Waste Management in Nonteaching Hospitals of Lucknow the assumption was the preferable method to estimate annual health care waste generation rate because the mean of annual healthcare waste was determined by annual patient flow within the health center. this variation may be due to the difference of number of attendance, the kinds of healthcare service, the type and the nature of waste generated at each case team. the mean health care waste generation rate in different case teams in the study health centers was statistically significant (χ. the increase in population number favors the health facilities to have more healthcare wastes. moreover the labeling of the waste containers didn’t see by seven of the study health centers. the other important point should be training on healthcare waste management for waste handlers and healthcare workers bring greatest change on practice and management of healthcare waste. wastes (hcw) that are generated from healthcare establishments; hospitals, health centers, medical research centers, pharmaceutical manufacturing plants, pharmacies, blood banks, and home health care activities are some of the generators of healthcare waste. pretreatment of infectious waste and liquid waste must be practiced before disposing to the sewer and environment. waste generation and management practice in government health centers of addis ababa, ethiopiamenelik legesse tadesse1email author and abera kumie2bmc public health201414:1221doi: 10. Unpublished thesis and dissertations on education | Clinical Waste Management in District Hospitals of Tumpat, Batu based cross-sectional study was conducted to quantify healthcare waste generation rate and evaluate its management system from 25th to 31st of january 2011 in the governmental health centers of addis ababa. each plastic bag were labeled by banner brand sticker showed the date, category of waste, room for waste collected and time started. this study all health centers used sewer lines for liquid waste from laboratory and delivery room. in this study there were at least 48 waste handlers worked to ten health centers among these eight managers knew the waste handlers were encounter needle stick injury in the past 12 months (table 6). spearman’s rank correlation coefficient showed that there was a positive linear relationship as number of patients increased healthcare wastes also increased in all study health centers. however, it remains true only when proper segregation and separation of waste is practiced [1]. the existing of gap among the study groups may be due to less attention is given on healthcare waste management by responsible authority such as sub cities health offices that are responsible for any wastes management, lack of supervision with the responsible body on addis ababa city government health bureau and lack of healthcare waste management committee at federal ministry of health. waste is generated from any where such as home, school, industry and health care facilities. the mean healthcare waste generation rate between health centers was a significant different with kurskal-wallis test (χ. Verbs for literary analysis | Healthcare waste generation and management practice in the difference could be due to seasonal variation, availability of different facilities, resource allocation and the variation of denominators between hospitals and health centers.. it was higher than the study done in ethiopia 35 g/patient/day in health center and 500 g/patient/day in hospital [3]. of visitors and amount of healthcare waste in study health centers, addis ababa city admin. the mean (±sd) generation rate of sharps, infectious and pathological waste in each health center was 0. types of hazardous waste generated from study health centers were sharps, infectious and pathological which were placenta and blood. health centers used different color plastic buckets for the collection healthcare waste. the waste disposal management in addis ababa city is seen unscientific manner. the last not least further research on healthcare waste generation rate and management at different seasons is strongly recommended. this finding was most likely consistent with the survey conducted on four federal hospitals by ministry of health (moh); all but one hospital was segregate infectious waste at source [13].


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