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Essay entitled where should i go
Should Everyone Go To College? | Brookings Institutionthere’s a reason elite schools speak of training leaders, not thinkers—holders of power, not its critics. and it all happened because of an assuredly normal circumstance: a patient and family unready to confront the reality of her disease. if left unplanned, the reading stage can swallow up huge amounts of time. the lesson seems almost zen: you live longer only when you stop trying to live longer. it started with a cough and a pain in her back. critical writing as much as possible; with descriptive writing being used where necessary, but kept to a minimum. when she walked from the bedroom to the bathroom, she said, it now took at least five minutes to catch her breath, and that frightened her. r, (1982) students must write: a guide to better writing in coursework and examinations.” answers to the list of questions change as patients go from entering the hospital for the delivery of a child to entering for complications of alzheimer’s disease. so aetna decided to let a group of policyholders with a life expectancy of less than a year receive hospice services without forgoing other treatments. so our mental state goes to default when something scary is actually, truly happening. this was just another trip to the hospital, he said to himself. read priscilla long’s ode to one of our greatest conservationists and science writers, whose silent spring led the government to found departments such as the now-embattled epa. an intellectual begins with thinking your way outside of your assumptions and the system that enforces them. more than forty per cent of oncologists report offering treatments that they believe are unlikely to work. the guidance given to you by the title is freely available, and is your best clue to what is required in your essay. there’s no point in excluding people unless they know they’ve been excluded. there wasn’t even a temporary fix for this problem. but that doesn’t mean we are eager to make the choices ourselves. and then you listen to hillary and you behold our very first female president, someone the world respects, someone who is whip-smart and cares about kids, who will continue the obama legacy because that is what the american people clearly want!, editing is important, but no it does not need to be difficult. but, he said—he was a senior at the time—it’s hard to build your soul when everyone around you is trying to sell theirs. the liquid-oxygen cylinder at the foot of the neatly made bed was filled and working properly. recently, i spoke to sara’s husband and her parents. the polls already show that more sanders voters will vote for hillary this year than the number of hillary primary voters in ’08 who then voted for obama. so when students get to college, they hear a couple of speeches telling them to ask the big questions, and when they graduate, they hear a couple more speeches telling them to ask the big questions. of the great errors of an elite education, then, is that it teaches you to think that measures of intelligence and academic achievement are measures of value in some moral or metaphysical sense. what can you do by yourself that you can’t do with a friend? by phillip toledano, “birthday balloon,” from “days with my father” (2008).” she asked the surgeons whether, if her father survived, he would still be able to eat chocolate ice cream and watch football on tv.” because you don’t want to think you just heard someone being shot with a gun. i wasn’t even sure what the word “dying” meant anymore. back to the hotel after appearing on bill maher’s republican convention special this week on hbo, a man stopped me. one consequence is that those who can’t get with the program (and they tend to be students from poorer backgrounds) often polarize in the opposite direction, flying off into extremes of disaffection and self-destruction. but it seemed harsh and pointless to confront sara and rich with this now. gene b sperling and rebecca winthrop; foreword by malala yousafzai. with tuitions rising faster than family incomes, the typical college student is now more dependent than in the past on loans, creating serious risks for the individual student and perhaps for the system as a whole, should widespread defaults occur in the future. so, don’t feel you have to make that decision in your head before you write anything. she had chosen to forgo treatment, but her oncologist pushed her to change her mind, and she was put on a ventilator and antibiotics. she took rich’s hands, and they tried to absorb what they had heard. world that produced john kerry and george bush is indeed giving us our next generation of leaders. one of the values of going to such a school, she once said, is that it teaches you to relate to stupid people. in making your case: a practical guide to essay writing. three of the processes described above will inform your decisions about what you need to read for a particular essay. while this is broadly true of all universities, elite schools, precisely because their students (and faculty, and administrators) possess this one form of intelligence to such a high degree, are more apt to ignore the value of others. there he was, a short, beefy guy with a goatee and a red sox cap and a thick boston accent, and i suddenly learned that i didn’t have the slightest idea what to say to someone like him. aren’t kids at elite schools the smartest ones around, at least in the narrow academic sense? and don’t fool yourself — no amount of compelling hillary tv ads, or outfacting him in the debates or libertarians siphoning votes away from trump is going to stop his mojo. “i know that the vast majority of my patients are going to die of their disease,” he told me. and then, gradually, he began to ask about what would happen as the tumor got bigger, the symptoms he’d have, the ways they could try to control them, how the end might come. and i know we don’t have a lot of time to waste. happens when busyness and sociability leave no room for solitude? for rich, the experience of sara’s illness had been disorienting: “we had a baby. it made no difference that she was an expert in end-of-life discussions. produce a high quality essay you need to demonstrate your ability:To understand the precise task set by the title;. she was determined to take care of her husband to the end, and, perhaps because she was a firefighter, she had the resilience and the competence to do so. a generic structure that you may find useful is:Brief recap of what you have covered in relation to the essay title;. and over-long paragraphs tend to demonstrate that you are not clear about the specific points you are making. he has a calm, reassuring air and a native minnesotan’s tendency to avoid confrontation or overintimacy. “he was actually kind of rattled about the whole case, and for him to be rattled is saying something. i sadly believe clinton will find a way to get us in some kind of military action. two-thirds of the terminal-cancer patients in the coping with cancer study reported having had no discussion with their doctors about their goals for end-of-life care, despite being, on average, just four months from death. yet they—along with their families and doctors—were unprepared for the final stage. curiously, hospice care seemed to extend survival for some patients; those with pancreatic cancer gained an average of three weeks, those with lung cancer gained six weeks, and those with congestive heart failure gained three months. in different subject areas, and with different styles of writing, the term ‘argument’ may seem more or less relevant. he thinks, “to whom can i expose the urgency of my own passion? the patient elected not to attempt any further chemotherapy, but getting to that decision required hours of discussion—for this was not the decision he had expected to make. creed told me that part of her job is to take the measure of a patient’s family, and sharon struck her as unusually capable. for a patient with a fatal version of the disease, though, the cost curve is u-shaped, rising again toward the end—to an average of sixty-three thousand dollars during the last six months of life with an incurable breast cancer.” in the previous three months, almost nothing we’d done to sara—none of our chemotherapy and scans and tests and radiation—had likely achieved anything except to make her worse. “work must always be,” ruskin says, “and captains of work must always be…. to undertake an iterative process of planning, reading, drafting, reviewing, planning, reading, re-drafting, and editing. greenstone, adam looney, jeremy patashnik, and muxin yu, the hamilton project. first disadvantage of an elite education, as i learned in my kitchen that day, is that it makes you incapable of talking to people who aren’t like you. they reviewed the story of how far he’d come, the options that remained. first, the oncologist said, she had a discussion with him alone. you learn to think, at least in certain ways, and you make the contacts needed to launch yourself into a life rich in all of society’s most cherished rewards.” unfortunately, you are living in a bubble that comes with an adjoining echo chamber where you and your friends are convinced the american people are not going to elect an idiot for president. as two dozen years at yale and columbia have shown me, elite colleges relentlessly encourage their students to flatter themselves for being there, and for what being there can do for them. this process, the essay title is the single immovable feature. besides, how do you attend to the thoughts and concerns of the dying when medicine has made it almost impossible to be sure who the dying even are? i’ve heard swedish doctors call it a “breakpoint discussion,” a systematic series of conversations to sort out when they need to switch from fighting for time to fighting for the other things that people value—being with family or travelling or enjoying chocolate ice cream. spending on a disease like cancer tends to follow a particular pattern. between the lung cancer and the chemo, sara became steadily sicker. and therein lies the problem for november – who is going to have the most motivated, most inspired voters show up to vote?” she pointed to the twenty-four-hour hospice call number that was taped beside her phone.…there is nobody—here among these grey arches, and moaning pigeons, and cheerful games and tradition and emulation, all so skilfully organised to prevent feeling alone. “i had three minutes to make this decision, and, i realized, he had already made the decision. trump is ahead of hillary in the latest polls in pennsylvania and tied with her in ohio. this year, those awards came to more than ,000—in just one department. being an intellectual means thinking your way toward a vision of the good society and then trying to realize that vision by speaking truth to power. another woman, in her eighties, with end-stage respiratory and kidney failure, had been in the unit for two weeks., this is what you are doing within the essay process: breaking ideas down, then building them up again.” – or logic – “people aren’t going to vote for a buffoon or against their own best interests! marcoux recommended a different, more standard chemotherapy, with two drugs called carboplatin and paclitaxel. you begin there; you end there; and everything in between needs to be placed in relation to that title. sharon had balked, for fear that she’d be starving him. the system forgot to teach them, along the way to the prestige admissions and the lucrative jobs, that the most important achievements can’t be measured by a letter or a number or a name. as globalization sharpens economic insecurity, we are increasingly committing ourselves—as students, as parents, as a society—to a vast apparatus of educational advantage. but explaining my reasoning to sara meant confronting the mortality of her lung cancer, something that i felt ill prepared to do. so everyone struggles with this uncertainty—with how, and when, to accept that the battle is lost. hospice has tried to offer a new ideal for how we die.” block has a list of items that she aims to cover with terminal patients in the time before decisions have to be made: what they understand their prognosis to be; what their concerns are about what lies ahead; whom they want to make decisions when they can’t; how they want to spend their time as options become limited; what kinds of trade-offs they are willing to make. her pregnancy was thirty-nine weeks along, and the obstetrician who had ordered the test broke the news to her as she sat with her husband and her parents. in high school, one of them falls in love with another boy. she had been undergoing a procedure for the removal of an ovarian cyst when the gynecologist who was operating on her discovered that she had metastatic colon cancer. may be an extreme example, but it is unthinkable at an elite school. so when she asked me to tell her more about the cancer, i explained that it had spread not only to her ovaries but also to her lymph nodes. they will be reading and marking many, many student essays. how you plan to address the titlein the first section of this essay, the role of the tragic hero will be considered … the second section of the essay will examine the nature … finally, a comparison will be made of the development of the two …. after that, she began to drift in and out of consciousness. they didn’t get straight a’s because they couldn’t be bothered to give everything in every class. that desperate morning, morris was the one person rich called before getting into the ambulance. study after study reminds us that higher education is one of the best investments we can make, and president obama has called it “an economic imperative. addition to these macro-structures you will probably need to establish a micro-structure relating to the particular elements you need to focus on e. he tried turning up the oxygen in her nasal tubing, but she got no better. the past few decades, it has been widely argued that a college degree is a prerequisite to entering the middle class in the united states. when trump stood in the shadow of a ford motor factory during the michigan primary, he threatened the corporation that if they did indeed go ahead with their planned closure of that factory and move it to mexico, he would slap a 35% tariff on any mexican-built cars shipped back to the united states.
The American Scholar: The Disadvantages of an Elite Educationit’s one of the few places left in society where there are no security cameras, no listening devices, no spouses, no kids, no boss, no cops, there’s not even a friggin’ time limit. during their last six months, according to medicare data, they spend half as many days in the hospital as the national average, and there’s no sign that doctors or patients are halting care prematurely. the doctors wanted to start treatment right away, and that meant inducing labor to get the baby out.” the existence of multiple forms of intelligence has become a commonplace, but however much elite universities like to sprinkle their incoming classes with a few actors or violinists, they select for and develop one form of intelligence: the analytic. may feel that, for your particular essay, structures like these feel too rigid. places like yale, as one of them put it to me, are not conducive to searchers. the next morning, they were the ones to hold back the medical team. but either the treatments were for brain tumors that were very different from his son’s or else he didn’t qualify. i’m willing to go through a lot of pain if i have a shot at that. you hardly see any hippies or punks or art-school types, and at a college that was known in the ’80s as the gay ivy, few out lesbians and no gender queers. they are products of a system that rarely asked them to think about something bigger than the next assignment. she is hugely unpopular — nearly 70% of all voters think she is untrustworthy and dishonest. then test results showed that her tumor cells did not have the mutation that tarceva targets. trump is going to hammer clinton on this and her support of tpp and other trade policies that have royally screwed the people of these four states. they can give toxic drugs of unknown efficacy, operate to try to remove part of the tumor, put in a feeding tube if a person can’t eat: there’s always something.” dave sat on the edge of his bed in fresh pajamas, catching his breath, and then creed spoke to him as his daughter, ashlee, ran in and out of the room in her beaded pigtails, depositing stuffed animals in her dad’s lap. short, the way students are treated in college trains them for the social position they will occupy once they get out. aetna ran a more modest concurrent-care program for a broader group of terminally ill patients. with respect to class, these schools are largely—indeed increasingly—homogeneous. despite average rates of obesity and smoking, their life expectancy outpaces the national mean by a year. if you are talking more than half of the time, block says, you’re talking too much. the continued popularity of their work today shows that they clearly managed to achieve plenty of interest and variety within that basic structure. this wretched, ignorant, dangerous part-time clown and full time sociopath is going to be our next president. of course, these are general points, and there may be some occasions, or some subject areas, where long paragraphs are appropriate.’ “i would never have expected him to say that,” block went on. the ability to engage in introspection, i put it to my students that day, is the essential precondition for living an intellectual life, and the essential precondition for introspection is solitude. the tyranny of the normal must be very heavy in their lives. ultimately, she accepted hospice care and moved in with her niece for support.” her father and her sister still thought that she might rally. within the paragraph you could:Introduce the idea/piece of evidence/quote/stage of argument;. i don’t think there ever was a golden age of intellectualism in the american university, but in the 19th century students might at least have had a chance to hear such questions raised in chapel or in the literary societies and debating clubs that flourished on campus. fluid swelled his entire lower body to the point that his skin blistered and wept. she was upbeat by nature, and she managed to maintain her optimism. “i just couldn’t believe there wasn’t something,” gary said. your understanding of the task setwhen comparing the nature of the two plays’ respective heroes, both parallels and contrasts can be found. that day, sara fell into unconsciousness as her body continued to fail. they found no difference in survival time between hospice and non-hospice patients with breast cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer. “these things are not laid out in stone,” he told me. but the signal he got from sara and her family was that they wished to talk only about the next treatment options. you can push the button and vote a straight party line, or you can write in mickey mouse and donald duck. Owen and Isabel Sawhill make the case that policies encouraging young people to go to college no matter what are actually doing some of them a disservice. “but, instead of having the discussion when they get to the i. george washington developed a throat infection at home on december 13, 1799, that killed him by the next evening. the structure will be the ‘argument’ your essay is making. i was talking with one of them last year about his interest in the german romantic idea of bildung, the upbuilding of the soul. it’s the same reason why all the initial news and eyewitness reports on 9/11 said “a small plane accidentally flew into the world trade center. can be stressful and very difficult trying to work out solely in your mind how to tackle an essay title; asking yourself questions such as: what structure should i use? critical writing, you are doing work with the evidence you are using, by adding a level of examination and evaluation.) with an army of black women, fists raised, declaring that our domination was hereby terminated! the composers haydn and mozart, working in the 18th century, tended to write symphonies to fit reliably and closely within what was called ‘symphonic form’. everyone feels pressure to maintain the kind of appearance—and affect—that go with achievement. some students end up at second-tier schools because they’re exactly like students at harvard or yale, only less gifted or driven. this is in keeping with aristotle’s definition of tragedy. elite colleges are walled domains guarded by locked gates, with admission granted only to the elect. a link to the first pointin examining the characters’ tragic qualities, a useful starting point is aristotle’s definition of tragedy…. it means, don’t worry, we’ll take care of you. whether the cause was childhood infection, difficult childbirth, heart attack, or pneumonia, the interval between recognizing that you had a life-threatening ailment and death was often just a matter of days or weeks. he doesn’t volunteer 10 hours in the month leading up to the election. i’ve had many wonderful students at yale and columbia, bright, thoughtful, creative kids whom it’s been a pleasure to talk with and learn from. at yale, the long-term drift of students away from majors in the humanities and basic sciences toward more practical ones like computer science and economics has been abetted by administrative indifference. but it’s not because the specifics are spelled out for him every time a sick patient arrives in his unit. shorter words are often preferable to longer words, unless there is some specific vocabulary that you need to include to demonstrate your skill. i learned to give that little nod of understanding, that slightly sympathetic “oh,” when people told me they went to a less prestigious college. we don’t want anyone—certainly not bureaucrats or the marketplace—to limit them. given how prolonged some of these conversations have to be, many people argue that the key problem has been the financial incentives: we pay doctors to give chemotherapy and to do surgery, but not to take the time required to sort out when doing so is unwise. clinic notes from december describe shortness of breath, dry heaves, coughing up blood, severe fatigue. the infusion of sugars, proteins, and fats made the painful swelling of his skin and his shortness of breath worse—and for what? there is no single way to take people with terminal illness through the process, but, according to block, there are some rules. when you have a patient like sara monopoli, the last thing you want to do is grapple with the truth. the issue has become pressing, in recent years, for reasons of expense. the drug was only in a phase i trial—that is, a trial designed to determine the toxicity of a range of doses, not whether the drug worked. of thought and expression,Sensible ordering of material, to support and the development of ideas and the development of argument. he is your personal molotov cocktail to throw right into the center of the bastards who did this to you! they had more than a month together before he died. they would much rather enjoy reading it, and be satisfied by the thread of your argument. compared to the average up-front cost of four years of college (tuition plus opportunity cost) of 2,000, the hamilton project is not alone in arguing that investing in college provides “a tremendous return. there is a dimension of the intellectual life that lies above the passion for ideas, though so thoroughly has our culture been sanitized of it that it is hardly surprising if it was beyond the reach of even my most alert students. surveys of patients with terminal illness find that their top priorities include, in addition to avoiding suffering, being with family, having the touch of others, being mentally aware, and not becoming a burden to others. “if i had not had that conversation with him,” she told me, “my instinct would have been to let him go at that moment, because it just seemed so awful. the failure of our system of medical care for people facing the end of their life runs much deeper. you’ve done most of the hard work already in the reading, evaluating, and writing. since the idea of the intellectual emerged in the 18th century, it has had, at its core, a commitment to social transformation. but others end up there because they have a more independent spirit. we are slouching, even at elite schools, toward a glorified form of vocational training. but such efforts rarely succeed with terminal patients, and they did not succeed with her. she also underwent a surgical procedure to drain the fluid around her lung; when the fluid kept coming back, a thoracic surgeon eventually placed a small, permanent tube in her chest, which she could drain whenever fluid accumulated and interfered with her breathing. finally, do not discount the electorate’s ability to be mischievous or underestimate how any millions fancy themselves as closet anarchists once they draw the curtain and are all alone in the voting booth. and i’d be the same way if i were in their shoes. for the sake of preventing a proto-fascist from becoming our commander-in-chief, i’m breaking that promise. once, i asked her and her husband about our initial conversations. out of the ten patients in her unit, she said, only two were likely to leave the hospital for any length of time. step by step, sara ended up on a fourth round of chemotherapy, one with a minuscule likelihood of altering the course of her disease and a great likelihood of causing debilitating side effects. so in most elections it’s hard to get even 50% to turn out to vote. second disadvantage, implicit in what i’ve been saying, is that an elite education inculcates a false sense of self-worth. the most important aspectsit is this strong element of morality in dr faustus that ultimately divides the two leading characters. outside, i confessed that i was confused by what creed was doing. there is something wrong with the smugness and self-congratulation that elite schools connive at from the moment the fat envelopes come in the mail. duty one recent evening, and he ran through his list of patients with me. they also let him call the palliative-care team to visit. “it has become, in my view, a bit too trendy to regard the acceptance of death as something tantamount to intrinsic dignity,” he wrote in his 1985 essay. and the question that lies behind all these: isn’t it beneath me? relevant and useful structure to support the presentation of your response to the title is vital. is someone with terminal cancer, dementia, incurable congestive heart failure dying, exactly? and if you believe hillary clinton is going to beat trump with facts and smarts and logic, then you obviously missed the past year of 56 primaries and caucuses where 16 republican candidates tried that and every kitchen sink they could throw at trump and nothing could stop his juggernaut. we put her on dialysis, a ventilator, and intravenous feeding, and stabilized her. but there were chemotherapy options, notably a relatively new drug called tarceva, which targets a gene mutation commonly found in lung cancers of female non-smokers. these early stages of your thinking you may not be sure which of your ideas you want to follow up and which you will be discarding. i’d seen: none had a terminal disease; none battled the final stages of metastatic cancer or untreatable heart failure or dementia. among elderly patients, use of intensive-care units fell by more than eighty-five per cent. i knew that it specialized in providing “comfort care” for the terminally ill, sometimes in special facilities, though nowadays usually at home. she had told her family on several occasions that she did not want to die in the hospital. of course, for the system to work, those alumni need money. there is enormous variation in the so-called return to education depending on factors such as institution attended, field of study, whether a student graduates, and post-graduation occupation. according to block, about two-thirds of patients are willing to undergo therapies they don’t want if that is what their loved ones want. whose crazed fans are going to be up at 5 am on election day, kicking ass all day long, all the way until the last polling place has closed, making sure every tom, dick and harry (and bob and joe and billy bob and billy joe and billy bob joe) has cast his ballot? well, i said, yale students think for themselves, but only because they know we want them to. for the second time in three weeks, drugged to oblivion and tubed in most natural orifices and a few artificial ones. by 1996, eighty-five per cent of la crosse residents who died had written advanced directives, up from fifteen per cent, and doctors almost always knew of and followed the instructions.
What Should Medicine Do When It Can't Save You? - The New Yorker
Should Everyone Go To College? | Brookings Institution
5 Reasons Why Trump Will Win | MICHAEL MOOREwithin twenty-four hours, sara was scheduled to see a radiation oncologist for whole-brain radiation to try to reduce the metastases. halfway across the bay bridge, she recalled, “i realized, ‘oh, my god, i don’t know what he really wants. it was the same with his mother, who was a nurse. one friday morning this spring, i went on patient rounds with sarah creed, a nurse with the hospice service that my hospital system operates. students at places like cleveland state, unlike those at places like yale, don’t have a platoon of advisers and tutors and deans to write out excuses for late work, give them extra help when they need it, pick them up when they fall down. (if i’d gone to harvard, i would have learned to say “in boston” when i was asked where i went to school—the cambridge version of noblesse oblige. she stood resting for a moment, her lips pursed and her chest heaving. she told him, “ ‘i need to understand how much you’re willing to go through to have a shot at being alive and what level of being alive is tolerable to you. they set up a pain pump with a button that let him dispense higher doses of narcotic than he had been allowed. “but that meeting with the father was the turning point,” she said. hamilton project research shows that 23- to 25-year-olds with bachelor’s degrees make ,000 more than high school graduates but by age 50, the gap has grown to ,500 (figure 1). the second time, it was easier; i had started to learn that failure isn’t the end of the world. elite universities boast that they teach their students how to think, they mean that they teach them the analytic and rhetorical skills necessary for success in law or medicine or science or business. but our responsibility, in medicine, is to deal with human beings as they are. on it – this is where you demonstrate your critical thinking and writing. guides to ars moriendi, the art of dying, were extraordinarily popular; a 1415 medieval latin text was reprinted in more than a hundred editions across europe. but his mind was intact and he had partial use of his hands—enough to write two books and more than a dozen scientific articles. but students who get into elite schools are precisely the ones who have best learned to work within the system, so it’s almost impossible for them to see outside it, to see that it’s even there. it is precisely that opportunity that an elite education takes away. “i can’t do this,” she said, pausing between each word. content of this central part will probably contain: ideas; explanations; evidence; relevant referencing; and relevant examples. when parents explain why they work so hard to give their children the best possible education, they invariably say it is because of the opportunities it opens up. she had a large, open abdominal wound with leaking bowel contents, which would require twice-a-day cleaning and dressing for weeks in order to heal. she may well have lived longer without any of it. after one of her chemotherapies seemed to shrink the thyroid cancer slightly, i even raised with her the possibility that an experimental therapy could work against both her cancers, which was sheer fantasy. the medical team started sara on intravenous antibiotics and high-flow oxygen through a mask. the doctors simply weren’t looking hard enough, they felt. there are due dates and attendance requirements at places like yale, but no one takes them very seriously. clear presentation of your own evidence and argument, leading to your conclusion; and. attending closely to the title; and establishing a useful structure; a third main element in the essay-writing process is the confident use of ‘critical writing’.” you don’t ask, “what do you want when you are dying? a few minutes later, firemen swarmed up the stairs to her bedroom, sirens wailing outside. but being an intellectual is not the same as being smart. the average estimate was five hundred and thirty per cent too high. is always possible to quibble over specific calculations, but it is hard to deny that, on average, the benefits of a college degree far outweigh the costs. “we are having more conversation now about what patients want for the end of their life, by far, than they have had in all their lives to this point,” my friend said. people have to leave the house and get in line to vote. because students from elite schools expect success, and expect it now. a lot of it seemed to be about extending cox’s life. the fat salaries paid to underperforming ceos are an adult version of the a-. creed arranged for a specialized “comfort pack” to be delivered by fedex and stored in a mini-refrigerator by dave’s bed. but her vote for the iraq war made me promise her that i would never vote for her again. essay structure is not an end in itself, but a means to an end: the end is the quality of the argument. i didn’t understand this until i began comparing my experience, and even more, my students’ experience, with the experience of a friend of mine who went to cleveland state. with almost two decades of experience treating lung cancer, he had been through many of these conversations. this is a modern tragedy, replayed millions of times over. he explained that she had a non-small cell lung cancer that had started in her left lung. they get their education wholesale, from an indifferent bureaucracy; it’s not handed to them in individually wrapped packages by smiling clerks. they arranged for an electric hospital bed, so that he could sleep with his back raised. it’s no coincidence that our current president, the apotheosis of entitled mediocrity, went to yale. there is almost always a long tail of possibility, however thin. throughout much of the 20th century, with the growth of the humanistic ideal in american colleges, students might have encountered the big questions in the classrooms of professors possessed of a strong sense of pedagogic mission. it would be rare, however, to find a symphony that was without structure or pattern of any kind; it would probably not be satisfactory either to play or to listen to. way to estimate the value of education is to look at the increase in earnings associated with an additional year of schooling. however, there are many non-monetary benefits of schooling which are harder to measure but no less important. but the third who did were far less likely to undergo cardiopulmonary resuscitation or be put on a ventilator or end up in an intensive-care unit. she worked hard to take the setbacks and side effects in stride. whatever the yes/no answers people may put on a piece of paper, one will find nuances and complexities in what they mean. the “best” are the brightest only in one narrow sense. a few days before thanksgiving, she had another ct scan, which showed that the pemetrexed—her third drug regimen—wasn’t working, either. for most situations, however, i prefer the more martial view that death is the ultimate enemy—and i find nothing reproachable in those who rage mightily against the dying of the light. she’d find small things to laugh about, like the tubes that created strange protuberances under her dress. by telling all young people that they should go to college no matter what, we are actually doing some of them a disservice. similarly, a structure of some kind is probably essential for every essay, however revolutionary. but most of them have seemed content to color within the lines that their education had marked out for them. medical spending for a breast-cancer survivor, for instance, averaged an estimated fifty-four thousand dollars in 2003, the vast majority of it for the initial diagnostic testing, surgery, and, where necessary, radiation and chemotherapy. but when the others had stepped out of the room, rich knelt down weeping beside sara and whispered in her ear. Owen and Sawhill explain that not all college degrees or graduates are equal, and that while the average return to obtaining a college degree is positive, college for many is not a good investment.’s a small peek into the mind of the endangered white male. so, this past january, he decided to stop the battle and go home. it arises from a still unresolved argument about what the function of medicine really is—what, in other words, we should and should not be paying for doctors to do. gould was a naturalist, and more inclined to notice the variation around the curve’s middle point than the middle point itself.—terribly sick and living through the most perilous days of their lives.” creed got down on her knees in front of him. also, criticising your writing tends to be easier than creating it in the first place. to ask of your introduction and conclusion may be useful. he had pancreatic cancer, which had spread; his upper abdomen was now solid with tumor. these are the kinds of kids who are likely, once they get to college, to be more interested in the human spirit than in school spirit, and to think about leaving college bearing questions, not resumés. before we knew it, beyoncé stormed on the field at this year’s super bowl (our game! central part of your essay is where the structure needs to do its work, however explicit or implicit your chosen structure may be. but, in la crosse, the system means that people are far more likely to have talked about what they want and what they don’t want before they and their relatives find themselves in the throes of crisis and fear.’ve been struck, during my time at yale, by how similar everyone looks. “how’s your pain on a scale of one to ten? there they were: one young person who had lost the capacity for solitude and another who couldn’t see the point of it. we live in a society that is itself so wealthy that it can afford to provide a decent living to whole classes of people who in other countries exist (or in earlier times existed) on the brink of poverty or, at least, of indignity. the problem begins when students are encouraged to forget this truth, when academic excellence becomes excellence in some absolute sense, when “better at x” becomes simply “better. or the seventy-year-old with a cancer that had metastasized to her lungs and bone, and a fungal pneumonia that arises only in the final phase of the illness. maybe they just sat in their room, reading a lot and writing in their journal. do you want aggressive treatments such as intubation and mechanical ventilation? the night before our visit, however, she and dave decided to try going without the infusion. do you want tube or intravenous feeding if you can’t eat on your own? i went over to see the head nurse and told them to stop. how will i face my classmates at our 20th reunion, when they’re all rich lawyers or important people in new york? it’s been said that what those tests really measure is your ability to take tests, but even if they measure something real, it is only a small slice of the real. with a general pointdr faustus and macbeth are both plays that show their respective playwrights at the pinnacle of their careers. she’d had several years of declining health due to congestive heart failure from a heart attack and pulmonary fibrosis, a progressive and irreversible lung disease. but the paclitaxel triggered an extreme, nearly overwhelming allergic response, so he switched her to a regimen of carboplatin plus gemcitabine. best universities have forgotten that the reason they exist is to make minds, not careers. i told sara that the thyroid cancer was slow-growing and treatable. as sara and rich later told the social worker who was sent to see them, they did not want to focus on survival statistics. she said a resident had told her that a tumor was found and part of her colon had been excised. his book excellent sheep: the miseducation of the american elite and the way to a meaningful life is based in part on his essays “the disadvantages of an elite education” and “solitude and leadership. way to practise critical writing is to make sure that you don’t leave any description to speak for itself, if it is part of your evidence and argument. different pattern would be to use a paragraph to present and describe an idea/piece of evidence/quote/stage of argument, then to use the subsequent paragraph to explain its relevance. she spent the remainder of the summer at home, with vivian and her husband and her parents, who had moved in to help.” the initial visit is always tricky, but she has found ways to smooth things over. in the words of a tutor:‘i’m looking for focus, for a voice that i feel confident with and not bored by – someone who knows the area and is going to take me round the issues in an objective, informed and interesting way. and the corollary is equally clear: you deserve everything your presence here is going to enable you to get. getting to an elite college, being at an elite college, and going on from an elite college—all involve numerical rankings: sat, gpa, gre. the first words you write do not have to be part of the final version.” i explained how much bowel was removed, what the recovery would be like—everything except how much cancer there was. “the lung doctor and heart doctor said they couldn’t help me anymore,” she said. the nebulizer equipment for her inhaler treatments, however, was broken. you may wish to create a more flexible or fluid structure. he had a wife and small children, and at first his wife wasn’t ready to contemplate stopping chemo. and it became evident that the battle for the dwindling chance of a miraculous recovery was going to leave him unable ever to go home again. provides more extensive guidance in this area, but it is useful to present one section from that guide below:The most characteristic features of critical writing are:A clear and confident refusal to accept the conclusions of other writers without evaluating the arguments and evidence that they provide;. to the larger issuethe differences lie in the development of the characters in what are essentially two different types of plays.
The American Scholar: The Disadvantages of an Elite Education
Writing essays — University of Leicesterthe study guide: the art of editing and the sheet: questions to ask when editing may be useful. these lists suggest questions to ask of your writing when you are reviewing it. once they are down there it will be easier for you to start to review them critically and to see where you need to focus your reading and note taking. when we met in january, she could move only slowly and uncomfortably. with these component parts, as you select your reading and make relevant notes;.'editing and proof reading are not the icing on the cake, as some people think. but if things got worse they would not put her on a breathing machine. medicine is good at staving off death with aggressive interventions—and bad at knowing when to focus, instead, on improving the days that terminal patients have left. the elite like to think of themselves as belonging to a meritocracy, but that’s true only up to a point. he had a sheaf of possible trials and treatments printed from the internet. to consider that while some opportunities are being created, others are being cancelled and that while some abilities are being developed, others are being crippled is, within this context, not only outrageous, but inconceivable. on february 12th, she completed five days of radiation treatment, which left her immeasurably fatigued, barely able get out of bed. however, even in those essays that appear to be highly creative, unscientific, or personal, an argument of some kind is being made. i have a friend who went to an ivy league college after graduating from a typically mediocre public high school. it can be much less stressful to throw all your thoughts down on paper, before you start trying to find answers to these questions. he headed to the emergency room and met sara and rich when they arrived. but it’s not as if their compulsive sociability is enabling them to develop deep friendships. since then, it’s gone up everywhere, but not by anything like the same amount. a certain level of efficiency is desirable, it is also important to remain flexible enough to identify relevant and interesting ideas that you had not anticipated. additionally, there are social benefits to education, such as reduced crime rates and higher political participation. three weeks after the delivery, she was admitted to the hospital with severe shortness of breath from a pulmonary embolism—a blood clot in an artery to the lungs, which is dangerous but not uncommon in cancer patients. federal student loans now total close to trillion, larger than credit card debt or auto loans and second only to mortgage debt on household balance sheets. and still sara, her family, and her medical team remained in battle mode. it can be a way of making a lot of progress quite quickly. in all such cases, death is certain, but the timing isn’t. little by little, however, she grew sicker—increasingly exhausted and short of breath. by this point, sara had undergone three rounds of chemotherapy with limited, if any, effect. i removed a section of her colon that had a large cancerous mass, but the cancer had already spread widely. studies find that although doctors usually tell patients when a cancer is not curable, most are reluctant to give a specific prognosis, even when pressed. a two-year study of this “concurrent care” program found that enrolled patients were much more likely to use hospice: the figure leaped from twenty-six per cent to seventy per cent. she had wavy brown hair, like her mom, and she was perfectly healthy.” susan block and her father had the conversation that we all need to have when the chemotherapy stops working, when we start needing oxygen at home, when we face high-risk surgery, when the liver failure keeps progressing, when we become unable to dress ourselves. rutherford hayes had a heart attack and died three days later. they’d washed hands scrupulously, limited visits by people with young children, even limited sara’s time with baby vivian if she showed the slightest sign of a runny nose. but knowledge-transfer is what’s crucial: the ability to manipulate that basic, raw material in order to make a convincing argument’. criticisms highlight the three basic elements of good essay writing:Attending closely to the title;. the best place to cultivate it is not within an educational system whose real purpose is to reproduce the class system. as of today, as things stand now, i believe this is going to happen – and in order to deal with it, i need you first to acknowledge it, and then maybe, just maybe, we can find a way out of the mess we’re in. but, as if to show just how resistant to formula human lives are, cox had never reconciled herself to the incurability of her illnesses. elements will be used to give a broad overall structure to this study guide. the picture i had of hospice was of a morphine drip. the introduction appears at the beginning of your essay, you may prefer to write it towards the end of the drafting process:‘it is only when you have completed a piece of writing that you can introduce it to the reader. the kid who’s loading up on ap courses junior year or editing three campus publications while double-majoring, the kid whom everyone wants at their college or law school but no one wants in their classroom, the kid who doesn’t have a minute to breathe, let alone think, will soon be running a corporation or an institution or a government. the best studies suggest that the return to an additional year of school is around 10 percent. the team prescribed a small dose of morphine, which immediately eased her breathing. the liberal arts university is becoming the corporate university, its center of gravity shifting to technical fields where scholarly expertise can be parlayed into lucrative business opportunities. they’re not going to vote for trump; some will vote third party, but many will just stay home. tutor can learn a worrying amount about the quality of your essay simply from how it looks on the page. dave galloway died one week later—at home, at peace, and surrounded by family.” but, as the end-of-life researcher joanne lynn has observed, people usually experienced life-threatening illness the way they experienced bad weather—as something that struck with little warning—and you either got through it or you didn’t. twenty-five per cent of all medicare spending is for the five per cent of patients who are in their final year of life, and most of that money goes for care in their last couple of months which is of little apparent benefit. when we look at lifetime earnings—the sum of earnings over a career—the total premium is 0,000 for a bachelor’s degree and 0,000 for an associate’s degree. you can take as long as you need in there and no one can make you do anything. the disadvantage of an elite education is that it’s given us the elite we have, and the elite we’re going to have. our medical system is excellent at trying to stave off death with eight-thousand-dollar-a-month chemotherapy, three-thousand-dollar-a-day intensive care, five-thousand-dollar-an-hour surgery. questions to ask about your level of critical writing may be useful. at his most recent admission, about a week earlier, it was found that the tumor had perforated his intestine. earlier that summer, a pet scan had revealed that, in addition to her lung cancer, she also had thyroid cancer, which had spread to the lymph nodes of her neck, and i was called in to decide whether to operate. word limit adds to the challenge by requiring that all of these skills be demonstrated within a relatively small number of words. the program’s leaders had the impression that they had simply given patients someone experienced and knowledgeable to talk to about their daily needs. she couldn’t speak more than a sentence without pausing for breath.” after her parents arrived, morris talked with them, too, and when they were finished sara and her family agreed on a plan. there are also few, if any, of the kind of special funds that, at places like yale, are available in profusion: travel stipends, research fellowships, performance grants. she was dependent on oxygen, and unable to do the most ordinary tasks. at places like yale, of course, it’s the reverse. for these patients, too, hospice enrollment jumped to seventy per cent, and their use of hospital services dropped sharply. with the supportive hospice therapy she received, she had already lived for a year. i do not come in saying, ‘i’m so sorry. complete collection of our blogs, including zinsser on friday and our weekly writing lessons.’ we had this quite agonizing conversation where he said—and this totally shocked me—‘well, if i’m able to eat chocolate ice cream and watch football on tv, then i’m willing to stay alive. they are absolutely crucial because it is only at this stage that the student can see that the argument hangs together, has a sequence and is well-expressed. it contained a dose of morphine for breakthrough pain or shortness of breath, ativan for anxiety attacks, compazine for nausea, haldol for delirium, tylenol for fever, and atropine for drying up the upper-airway rattle that people can get in their final hours. recognition of the limitations in your own evidence, argument, and conclusion.” or she might have gone ahead and sent him to surgery, only to find—as occurred—that he survived only to go through what proved to be a year of “very horrible rehab” and disability. for the elite, there’s always another extension—a bailout, a pardon, a stint in rehab—always plenty of contacts and special stipends—the country club, the conference, the year-end bonus, the dividend. everyone carries around an id card that determines which gates they can enter. “we’re going to get ahold of this,” rich told her. but for most patients and their families this is asking too much. no democrat, and certainly no independent, is waking up on november 8th excited to run out and vote for hillary the way they did the day obama became president or when bernie was on the primary ballot. barass (1982 p80) makes the simple but valid statement, that:‘by making things easy for your readers, you help yourself to convey information and ideas. the critical problem was that the rules of the trial excluded sara because of the pulmonary embolism she had developed that summer. as her illness had progressed through the previous year, he had left the decision-making largely to sara, her family, and the oncology team. dying used to be accompanied by a prescribed set of customs. he confided how badly his father was taking the news. you learn to think of yourself in terms of those numbers. “they wanted to put a catheter in her, do this other stuff to her,” her mother, dawn, told me. they will not want to pull your essay to pieces. the most promising was a pfizer drug that targeted one of the mutations found in her cancer’s cells. “a large part of the task is helping people negotiate the overwhelming anxiety—anxiety about death, anxiety about suffering, anxiety about loved ones, anxiety about finances,” she explained. wouldn’t i be squandering the opportunities my parents worked so hard to provide? thought mapping; referencing and bibliographies; avoiding plagiarism; the art of editing.’ “ that was how she started with dave galloway, whom we visited after leaving lee cox’s home. in my life have i wanted to be proven wrong more than i do right now. our male-dominated, 240-year run of the usa is coming to an end. it is therefore useful to go into the writing process expecting to make revisions. sara monopoli had had enough discussions to let her family and her oncologist know that she did not want hospitals or i. she was gray, breathing fast, her body heaving with each open-mouthed gasp. is an active and constructive process; it is not merely a neutral recording of your thoughts. and, the better the doctors knew their patients, the more likely they were to err. if you’re afraid to fail, you’re afraid to take risks, which begins to explain the final and most damning disadvantage of an elite education: that it is profoundly anti-intellectual. “i’d say only about a quarter have accepted their fate when they come into hospice,” she said. technology sustains our organs until we are well past the point of awareness and coherence. creed also called the nebulizer supplier for same-day emergency service. these days, swift catastrophic illness is the exception; for most people, death comes only after long medical struggle with an incurable condition—advanced cancer, progressive organ failure (usually the heart, kidney, or liver), or the multiple debilities of very old age. is important at the start, but also throughout your writing, as it can be easy to drift away and waste valuable words from your word limit by writing material that may be interesting, but which is not relevant to the title set. but then he began looking at the graphs of the patient-survival curves.” creed gave her a hug before we left, and one last reminder. the aptitude with which students absorb this lesson is demonstrated by the avidity with which they erect still more gates within those gates, special realms of ever-greater exclusivity—at yale, the famous secret societies, or as they should probably be called, the open-secret societies, since true secrecy would defeat their purpose. they focus on laying out the facts and the options. and because of that, and the anger that so many have toward a broken political system, millions are going to vote for trump not because they agree with him, not because they like his bigotry or ego, but just because they can. elite schools pride themselves on their diversity, but that diversity is almost entirely a matter of ethnicity and race. in addition to the drainage tubes in her chest, she required needle-drainage procedures in her abdomen every week or two to relieve the severe pressure from the litres of fluid that the cancer was producing there. there are few, if any, opportunities for the kind of contacts i saw my students get routinely—classes with visiting power brokers, dinners with foreign dignitaries. a majority of americans now take the liberal position on just about every polling question posed to them: equal pay for women – check. they knew that only a small percentage of the terminally ill ever halted efforts at curative treatment and enrolled in hospice, and that, when they did, it was usually not until the very end.” on the morning of friday, february 22nd, three days before she was to start her new round of chemo, rich awoke to find his wife sitting upright beside him, pitched forward on her arms, eyes wide, struggling for air. you can live comfortably in the united states as a schoolteacher, or a community organizer, or a civil rights lawyer, or an artist—that is, by any reasonable definition of comfort. similarly, the raw difference between high school graduates and associate’s degree holders is about ,000, but a return of 10% would predict the causal effect of those additional two years to be ,000.
Student Opinion | Are Children of Illegal Immigrants Entitled to a” the first disadvantage of an elite education is how very much of the human it alienates you from. a friend who teaches at the university of connecticut once complained to me that his students don’t think for themselves.” she absorbed the news in silence, looking down at the blankets drawn over her mutinous body. this set out a pattern for the numbers of movements within the symphony, and for the general structure of writing within each movement. they wanted to do lab tests, blood-pressure measurements, finger sticks. from orientation to graduation, the message is implicit in every tone of voice and tilt of the head, every old-school tradition, every article in the student paper, every speech from the dean. you need to:Break down the essay title into its component parts, and consider possible ways of addressing them;. in reality, however, only a small percentage of patients gained very much. we fall back on the default, and the default is: do something. the obstetrician didn’t get into the prognosis—she would bring in an oncologist for that—but sara was stunned..:Overall chronological structure; broken down by comparisons according to the elements of the title;. the first people plowed down by the truck in nice spent their final moments on earth waving at the driver whom they thought had simply lost control of his truck, trying to tell him that he jumped the curb: “watch out!. lines and the bed linens to orchestrating family members to lend a hand when she needed help. tutors will not necessarily be looking for the perfect, revolutionary, unique, special essay; they would be very happy to read a reasonably well-planned, well-argued and well-written essay. they also taught sharon how to keep dave clean, protect his skin from breakdown, and handle the crises to come. mini guide: essay terms explained, and questions to ask about interpreting essay titles may be useful.’ “ he’d made her his health-care proxy, but they had talked about such situations only superficially. i knew that, in order for a patient of mine to be eligible, i had to write a note certifying that he or she had a life expectancy of less than six months. the explanation strains credibility, but evidence for it has grown in recent years. budget hawks urge us to face the fact that we can’t afford everything. entitled mediocrity is indeed the operating principle of his administration, but as enron and worldcom and the other scandals of the dot-com meltdown demonstrated, it’s also the operating principle of corporate america. “it’s good to have my niece and her husband helping to watch me every day,” she said. his father had shown him reports of cures on the internet. in the past few decades, medical science has rendered obsolete centuries of experience, tradition, and language about our mortality, and created a new difficulty for mankind: how to die. you’re not determining whether they want treatment x versus y. sitting in my clinic, sara did not seem discouraged by the discovery of this second cancer. some deadly illnesses took a longer course: james monroe and andrew jackson died from the months-long consumptive process of what appears to have been tuberculosis; ulysses grant’s oral cancer took a year to kill him; and james madison was bedridden for two years before dying of “old age. can be done to reduce teen pregnancy and out-of-wedlock births? a ct scan in december showed that the lung cancer was spreading through her spine, liver, and lungs.) but the issue isn’t merely a matter of financing. they need doctors and nurses who are willing to have the hard discussions and say what they have seen, who will help people prepare for what is to come—and to escape a warehoused oblivion that few really want. given the lack of heart medication and inhaler treatments, it was no wonder that she had worsened. between chemotherapy cycles, she began trying to get her life back. but trump’s psycho finger will be on the button, and that is that. (the new health-reform act was to have added medicare coverage for these conversations, until it was deemed funding for “death panels” and stripped out of the legislation.: studyhelp (if you are a university of leicester student please use your university e-mail address)keep in touch via:Take our essay writing tour. so when her family found her in cardiac arrest one morning they followed her wishes and called 911 instead of the hospice service. but without it he had a hundred-per-cent chance of becoming quadriplegic.” and he told him to let the family know that he said so. the hardest part so far, sharon said, was deciding to forgo the two-litre intravenous feedings that dave had been receiving each day. for sara, there would be no miraculous recovery, and, when the end approached, neither she nor her family was prepared. that means focussing on objectives like freedom from pain and discomfort, or maintaining mental awareness for as long as possible, or getting out with family once in a while. need to use such a wide range of academic skills is probably the main reason why the essay format is so popular with tutors as an assignment. do you want to be resuscitated if your heart stops? by then animals will have been granted human rights and a fuckin’ hamster is going to be running the country. emerson says, he reported, that one of the purposes of friendship is to equip you for solitude. they come to signify not only your fate, but your identity; not only your identity, but your value. this monster, the “feminazi,”the thing that as trump says, “bleeds through her eyes or wherever she bleeds,” has conquered us — and now, after having had to endure eight years of a black man telling us what to do, we’re supposed to just sit back and take eight years of a woman bossing us around? an intellectual means, first of all, being passionate about ideas—and not just for the duration of a semester, for the sake of pleasing the teacher, or for getting a good grade. process of essay planning and writing does not need to be a linear process, where each stage is done only once. you lie on a ventilator, your every organ shutting down, your mind teetering on delirium and permanently beyond realizing that you will never leave this borrowed, fluorescent place. at schools like cleveland state, they’re being trained for positions somewhere in the middle of the class system, in the depths of one bureaucracy or another. but the prospect that those moments might be coming soon, that there might be no way to slow the disease, “was not something she or i wanted to discuss,” her mother said. a huge shift has taken place – just ask the socialist who won 22 states this year. there is no cure for lung cancer at this stage. still, he had seen her and her husband regularly, and listened to their concerns. even if the antibiotics halted the infection, he said, he wanted them to remember that there was nothing that would stop the cancer. the septic shock had left her with heart and respiratory failure as well as dry gangrene of her foot, which would have to be amputated.” a pretty good description of an elite college campus, including the part about never being allowed to feel alone. hospice and palliative-care specialists aren’t much concerned about whether that makes people’s lives longer or shorter. there’s been much talk of late about the loss of privacy, but equally calamitous is its corollary, the loss of solitude. wasn’t the goal of hospice to let nature take its course? when cox was transferred to hospice care, her doctors thought that she wouldn’t live much longer than a few weeks. one needs to wander away from the educational elite to begin to discover this. it was sweet, sweet music to the ears of the working class of michigan, and when he tossed in his threat to apple that he would force them to stop making their iphones in china and build them here in america, well, hearts swooned and trump walked away with a big victory that should have gone to the governor next-door, john kasich. this practice is now widely accepted where it makes good sense. hillary clinton is going to have to do something to give them a reason to support her — and picking a moderate, bland-o, middle of the road old white guy as her running mate is not the kind of edgy move that tells millenials that their vote is important to hillary. more than fifteen per cent of lung cancers—more than people realize—occur in non-smokers. doctors tried slowing the disease with steroids, but they didn’t work.’ instead, it’s: ‘i’m the hospice nurse, and here’s what i have to offer you to make your life better. she wanted to spend her final moments peacefully at home. fourteen years of higher education and a handful of ivy league degrees, and there i was, stiff and stupid, struck dumb by my own dumbness. this fits with the style of the morality play: the erring faustus must be seen to be humbled at his end for the morality to be effective….” but the conversation proved critical, because after surgery he developed bleeding in the spinal cord. and, although she was willing to proceed with chemotherapy, she told him how much strength and time the treatment would take away from him and his family. i know, because marcoux wasn’t the only one avoiding that conversation with her. then she would be put on another experimental drug from a small biotech company. the data show that, after failure of second-line chemotherapy, lung-cancer patients rarely get any added survival time from further treatments and often suffer significant side effects. but that night and the next morning her breathing only grew more labored. as for last words, they hardly seem to exist anymore. the playing field: policy options to improve postsecondary education and career outcomes. i said that it had not been possible to remove all the disease..; you have to drive a honda instead of a bmw or a hummer; you have to vacation in florida instead of barbados or paris, but what are such losses when set against the opportunity to do work you believe in, work you’re suited for, work you love, every day of your life? is a crucial part of the process not an optional extra. and there is no doubt in my mind that if people could vote from their couch at home on their x-box or playstation, hillary would win in a landslide. she had looked for experimental therapies, and none were truly promising. so a whole universe of possibility closes, and you miss your true calling. gregory thompson, a critical-care specialist at gundersen lutheran hospital, while he was on i. when she first encounters her patients, many feel that they have simply been abandoned by their doctors. “i can’t think of a single funny thing to say,” emily told sara as their parents looked on. using average earnings for 18- and 19-year-olds and 20- and 21-year-olds with high school degrees (including those working part-time or not at all), michael greenstone and adam looney of brookings’ hamilton project calculate an opportunity cost of ,000 for a four-year degree. creed took cox’s arm gently as we walked to the kitchen to sit down, asking her how she had been doing. minnesota is one of the smartest states in the country. after a couple of weeks, though, it was clear that she was not going to get much better. you need to stop living in denial and face the truth which you know deep down is very, very real. when i asked her why she had chosen hospice care, she looked downcast. to ask of your introduction and conclusion may be useful. as john ruskin told an older elite, grabbing what you can get isn’t any less wicked when you grab it with the power of your brains than with the power of your fists. she represents the old way of politics, not really believing in anything other than what can get you elected. we were “the best and the brightest,” as these places love to say, and everyone else was, well, something else: less good, less bright. hospice deploys nurses, doctors, and social workers to help people with a fatal illness have the fullest possible lives right now. in the michigan primary in march, more michiganders came out to vote for the republicans (1. her mother, who had lost her best friend to lung cancer, began crying. “but i didn’t believe we could make it happen. realistically, it is possible that they may even decide not to make that effort. even when i have to write a paper, i do it at a friend’s. at the end—but not enough to have learned how to achieve this.” to read all the posts from his weekly blog, “all points,” click here. long before they got to college, they turned themselves into world-class hoop-jumpers and teacher-pleasers, getting a’s in every class no matter how boring they found the teacher or how pointless the subject, racking up eight or 10 extracurricular activities no matter what else they wanted to do with their time. best universities have forgotten that the reason they exist is to make minds, not careersI am sorry to be the bearer of bad news, but i gave it to you straight last summer when i told you that donald trump would be the republican nominee for president. a few days later, the patient returned to talk to the oncologist. nothing, it seems to me, unless it means we have failed to prepare for the outcome that’s vastly more probable. “ninety-nine per cent understand they’re dying, but one hundred per cent hope they’re not,” she says. at places like cleveland state also don’t get a-’s just for doing the work. as another friend, a third-generation yalie, says, the purpose of yale college is to manufacture yale alumni. during the next two years, he regained the ability to walk short distances. the trouble is that we’ve built our medical system and culture around the long tail. she’d read about the good outcomes from thyroid-cancer treatment.
Bill Moyers Essay: Everyone Should Be Entitled to Medicarei’d been able to take out “the main area of involvement. on average, the drug extended survival by only two months—from eleven months to thirteen months—and that was in patients who, unlike sara, had responded to first-line chemotherapy. the surprising result was that they did give up things. just as unthinkably, she had no one to appeal to. creed or another nurse came to see him every day, sometimes twice a day; three times that week, sharon used the emergency hospice line to help her deal with dave’s pain crises or hallucinations. he’s never watched a football game in my conscious memory. may be possible to use only one paragraph for your introduction, but it may fall more easily into two or more. given the extent of the surgery that would have been required, and the potential complications, the best course was to do nothing. to understand la crosse, thompson said, you had to go back to 1991, when local medical leaders headed a systematic campaign to get physicians and patients to discuss end-of-life wishes. hope is not a plan, but hope is our plan. the college career office has little to say to students not interested in law, medicine, or business, and elite universities are not going to do anything to discourage the large percentage of their graduates who take their degrees to wall street. then a chest x-ray showed that her left lung had collapsed, and her chest was filled with fluid. he also began to eat a few morsels of food, just for the taste of it, and that made sharon feel better about the decision. angry, embittered working (and nonworking) people who were lied to by the trickle-down of reagan and abandoned by democrats who still try to talk a good line but are really just looking forward to rub one out with a lobbyist from goldman sachs who’ll write them nice big check before leaving the room. “there’s nothing he likes better than a long hot shower,” sharon said. that was no surprise, since they weren’t forced to give up anything. susan block, a palliative-care specialist at my hospital who has had thousands of these difficult conversations and is a nationally recognized pioneer in training doctors and others in managing end-of-life issues with patients and their families. an elite education gives you the chance to be rich—which is, after all, what we’re talking about—but it takes away the chance not to be. a sample of the fluid was drawn off with a long needle and sent for testing.) i never learned that there are smart people who don’t go to elite colleges, often precisely for reasons of class. in other words, students at places like yale get an endless string of second chances. Gawande explores the difference between standard medical care and hospice for terminal patients. they visited the emergency room almost half as often as the control patients did. but you don’t need to remember ken lay, because the whole dynamic played out again last year in the case of scooter libby, another yale man. the end comes with no chance for you to have said goodbye or “it’s o. we’ve created a multitrillion-dollar edifice for dispensing the medical equivalent of lottery tickets—and have only the rudiments of a system to prepare patients for the near-certainty that those tickets will not win. one naturally prizes what one most possesses and what most makes for one’s advantages.’s not surprising that it took me so long to discover the extent of my miseducation, because the last thing an elite education will teach you is its own inadequacy. they’re being conditioned for lives with few second chances, no extensions, little support, narrow opportunity—lives of subordination, supervision, and control, lives of deadlines, not guidelines. enough time had elapsed since her pulmonary embolism, however, that she could start on pfizer’s experimental drug. there is a sense that the power has slipped out of their hands, that their way of doing things is no longer how things are done. if we apply this 10 percent rate to the median earnings of about ,000 for a 25- to 34-year-old high school graduate working full time in 2010, this implies that a year of college increases earnings by ,000, and four years increases them by ,000. handled poorly, the conversations can cost a person’s trust. young women are among her biggest detractors, which has to hurt considering it’s the sacrifices and the battles that hillary and other women of her generation endured so that this younger generation would never have to be told by the barbara bushes of the world that they should just shut up and go bake some cookies. the patients were not clustered around the median survival but, instead, fanned out in both directions. perhaps a more suitable word than ‘structure’ in those cases may be ‘pattern’, or ‘impression’, or ‘atmosphere’; although these merge into the field of creative writing rather than essay writing. “i’m running a warehouse for the dying,” she said bleakly. the oncologist noted wryly how much easier it would have been for her just to prescribe the chemotherapy. “a nurse has five seconds to make a patient like you and trust you. of the main argumentsas has been shown, the character of macbeth has a nadir from which he ascends at the conclusion of the play. it takes more than just intellect; it takes imagination and courage. what did my students think of this, i wanted to know? only a small minority have seen their education as part of a larger intellectual journey, have approached the work of the mind with a pilgrim soul. each year, my department at yale awards dozens of cash prizes for everything from freshman essays to senior projects. “so sara and i looked at each other,” rich recalled, “and we said, ‘we don’t have cancer on tuesday. we could monitor the thyroid cancer and plan surgery in a few months.” a is the mark of excellence; a- is the mark of entitled mediocrity. the whole picture—it wasn’t the guy i thought i knew. sara knew that her disease was incurable, they pointed out. it is how we can build a health-care system that will actually help dying patients achieve what’s most important to them at the end of their lives.” you’d think doctors would be well equipped to navigate the shoals here, but at least two things get in the way. creed enters people’s lives at a strange moment—when they have understood that they have a fatal illness but have not necessarily acknowledged that they are dying. like yale are simply not set up to help students ask the big questions. the lung cancer had spread: from the left chest to the right; to the liver; to the lining of her abdomen; and to her spine. dave and sharon were finally able to sleep through the night at home. the lengths of paragraphs; the lengths of sentences; the neatness of the reference list; the balance of length between different sections; all offer insight into the kind of essay they are about to read. having two women on the ticket – that was an exciting idea. but sara’s immune system and her ability to clear her lung secretions had been steadily weakened by the rounds of radiation and chemotherapy as well as by the cancer. the subject seems to reach national awareness mainly as a question of who should “win” when the expensive decisions are made: the insurers and the taxpayers footing the bill or the patient battling for his or her life. then she asked a series of questions, targeting issues that tend to arise in patients with terminal illness. she probably didn’t have the time; indeed, other students told me they found their peers too busy for intimacy. extensions are available for the asking; threats to deduct credit for missed classes are rarely, if ever, carried out. carson, who died 54 years ago this month, had an enormous influence on the environmental movement. what’s more, the earnings premium associated with a college degree grows over a lifetime. more often, these days, medicine seems to supply neither custers nor lees. the oncologist next met with the young man together with his family. you alternate between being appalled at him and laughing at him because of his latest crazy comment or his embarrassingly narcissistic stance on everything because everything is about him. moreover, the curve was skewed to the right, with a long tail, however slender, of patients who lived many years longer than the eight-month median. in most respects, the patients were like those found in any i. the most elite schools have become places of a narrow and suffocating normalcy. graduates of elite schools are not more valuable than stupid people, or talentless people, or even lazy people. it is however possible that some tutors may still prefer not to see it. these revealed that the cancer had spread to her brain, with at least nine metastatic growths across both hemispheres. with a purpose, so that you are looking out for particularly relevant material, rather than paying equal attention to material that is less relevant;. how can i be a schoolteacher—wouldn’t that be a waste of my expensive education? they pulled off her clothes and pumped her chest, put a tube in her airway and forced oxygen into her lungs, and tried to see if they could shock her heart back. she will have many achievements but little experience, great success but no vision. this is just one example of how she is killing the youth vote. one of the disadvantages of an elite education is the temptation it offers to mediocrity, another is the temptation it offers to security. to see this, you have to get close enough to grapple with the way decisions about care are actually made. you worry far more about being overly pessimistic than you do about being overly optimistic. but doing so represents a struggle—not only against suffering but also against the seemingly unstoppable momentum of medical treatment. an elite education not only ushers you into the upper classes; it trains you for the life you will lead once you get there. these patients suffered less, were physically more capable, and were better able, for a longer period, to interact with others. the evening before surgery, father and daughter chatted about friends and family, trying to keep their minds off what was to come, and then she left for the night. through the next night, rich recalled, “there was this awful groaning. recently, while seeing a patient in an intensive-care unit at my hospital, i stopped to talk with the critical-care physician on duty, someone i’d known since college. the difference between standard medical care and hospice is not the difference between treating and doing nothing, she explained. you’re shaking your head wildly – “no, mike, this won’t happen! more typical was an almost eighty-year-old woman at the end of her life, with irreversible congestive heart failure, who was in the i. however, correlation is not causation, and getting at the true causal effect of education on earnings is not so easy. “to whom can i expose the urgency of my own passion? like many people, i had believed that hospice care hastens death, because patients forgo hospital treatments and are allowed high-dose narcotics to combat pain. i spoke to an oncologist who told me about a twenty-nine-year-old patient she had recently cared for who had an inoperable brain tumor that continued to grow through second-line chemotherapy. during the past few months, the pain had become unbearable at times, and he was admitted to the hospital several times for pain crises. and now the outsider, donald trump, has arrived to clean house! (let’s not even talk about the possibility of kids from privileged backgrounds not going to college at all, or delaying matriculation for several years, because however appropriate such choices might sometimes be, our rigid educational mentality places them outside the universe of possibility—the reason so many kids go sleepwalking off to college with no idea what they’re doing there.(next week i will post my thoughts on trump’s achilles heel and how i think he can be beat. when there is no way of knowing exactly how long our skeins will run—and when we imagine ourselves to have much more time than we do—our every impulse is to fight, to die with chemo in our veins or a tube in our throats or fresh sutures in our flesh. if you make your argument hard to follow, so that they need to re-read a paragraph (or more) to try to make sense of what you have written, you will cause irritation, and make their job slower. the geeks don’t look all that geeky; the fashionable kids go in for understated elegance. there was one person who was disturbed by this, though, and who finally decided to intercede—chuck morris, her primary physician. when we arrived, dave was making his way back to bed after a shower, his arm around his wife’s shoulders and his slippered feet taking one shuffling step at a time. they didn’t do this because they’re stupid or thought that jesse ventura was some sort of statesman or political intellectual. i once cared for a woman in her sixties who had severe chest and abdominal pain from a bowel obstruction that had ruptured her colon, caused her to have a heart attack, and put her into septic shock and renal failure. the simple view is that medicine exists to fight death and disease, and that is, of course, its most basic task. hers was advanced, having metastasized to multiple lymph nodes in her chest and its lining. i have great hope for the country i live in. then, in october, a ct scan showed that the tumor deposits in her left lung and chest and lymph nodes had grown substantially., too, college reflects the way things work in the adult world (unless it’s the other way around). they took this in for a second, and then one of them said, with a dawning sense of self-awareness, “so are you saying that we’re all just, like, really excellent sheep? before, after, and around the elite college classroom, a constellation of values is ceaselessly inculcated. the oncologist went to the father’s home to meet with him. failure to meet either or both of these requirements will irritate your reader, and will demonstrate a lack of self-critique and of editing. “i always wanted to respect her request to die peacefully at home,” rich later told me., constructively critical feedback can give you excellent guidance on how to improve your essay writing.) this doesn’t seem to make sense, especially since students from elite schools tend to graduate with less debt and are more likely to be able to float by on family money for a while. fortunately, there is scope for developing efficiency in several ways:Making intelligent decisions, based on your initial planning, about which sources to target, so you don’t spend time reading less relevant, or even completely irrelevant material;.
Dear Student: No, I Won't Change the Grade You Deserve | Vitae” president trump would indeed do just that, and a good chunk of the electorate would like to sit in the bleachers and watch that reality show. there’s been a lot of handwringing lately over grade inflation, and it is a scandal, but the most scandalous thing about it is how uneven it’s been. some people are smart in the elite-college way, some are smart in other ways, and some aren’t smart at all. and inaccurate spelling and poor grammar can make for very irritating reading for the person marking it.” you ask, “if time becomes short, what is most important to you? up the essay using the material you have collected; ordering it;. yet these patients were completely different from those in other i. as they lifted sara into the ambulance on a stretcher, dawn came out in tears. stop fretting about bernie’s supporters not voting for clinton – we’re voting for clinton! they concentrated on the ones that meant the most to them or on a single strong extracurricular passion or on projects that had nothing to do with school or even with looking good on a college application. that’s the high level of danger we’re in. review your first draft in the light of this further analysis. to ask of your reference list may be useful when reviewing your own reference list. “i wish we’d gotten involved sooner,” creed told me. “a family meeting is a procedure, and it requires no less skill than performing an operation. arriving at an acceptance of one’s mortality and a clear understanding of the limits and the possibilities of medicine is a process, not an epiphany. market purists blame the existence of insurance: if patients and families paid the bills themselves, those expensive therapies would all come down in price. it was not of this brown-haired and blue-eyed former i. meanwhile, his father sat quietly and said nothing the entire time. by november, she didn’t have the wind to walk the length of the hallway from the parking garage to marcoux’s office; rich had to push her in a wheelchair. elite institutions are supposed to provide a humanistic education, but the first principle of humanism is terence’s: “nothing human is alien to me. we’ll sacrifice the quality of your existence now—by performing surgery, providing chemotherapy, putting you in intensive care—for the chance of gaining time later.” “i don’t want to become a drug addict,” he explained. they’ve been driven their whole lives by a fear of failure—often, in the first instance, by their parents’ fear of failure. discussing a fantasy was easier—less emotional, less explosive, less prone to misunderstanding—than discussing what was happening before my eyes. after a few days, they were even able to go out to a favorite restaurant; he wasn’t hungry, but they enjoyed just being there, and the memories it stirred. creed pulled a stethoscope and a blood-pressure cuff from her medical bag. the family gathered at her bedside, hoping for the antibiotics to work. if students want a conversion experience, they’re better off at a liberal arts college. criticism given to students is that their essay:Does not keep to the title that was set;. reaffirming one’s faith, repenting one’s sins, and letting go of one’s worldly possessions and desires were crucial, and the guides provided families with prayers and questions for the dying in order to put them in the right frame of mind during their final hours. although not everyone has embraced its rituals, those who have are helping to negotiate an ars moriendi for our age. he told them that, at some point, “supportive care” was an option for them to think about. to stick to all of them, all who wrecked their american dream! “i just felt awful having the conversation with my dad. green bay to pittsburgh, this, my friends, is the middle of england – broken, depressed, struggling, the smokestacks strewn across the countryside with the carcass of what we use to call the middle class. and i knew few patients who had chosen it, except maybe in their very last few days, because they had to sign a form indicating that they understood their disease was incurable and that they were giving up on medical care to stop it. as i was asking my students what they thought that meant, one of them interrupted to say, wait a second, why do you need solitude in the first place? eighty-five per cent respond to this drug, and, marcoux said, “some of these responses can be long-term. what does it mean to go to school at a place where you’re never alone? she then chatted with cox in the kitchen for a few minutes. it can engage your readers, and can give them confidence that you have thought carefully about the title, and about how you are going to address it. it is the most common focus for study consultations among students using learning development. “sometimes i just want to curl up with a good book and burn it. she had cycled in and out of the hospital, each time in worse shape. “of course i agree with the preacher of ecclesiastes that there is a time to love and a time to die—and when my skein runs out i hope to face the end calmly and in my own way. i wasn’t aware of the phenomenon myself until i heard about it from a couple of graduate students in my department, one from yale, one from harvard. she never talks in an excited voice when asked why she’s voting for hillary. sara and her family instantly pinned their hopes on it. that troubled the family, because they thought they’d done everything to keep infection at bay. it informs directly: the choice of reading; the structure you choose for the essay; which material to include and exclude; what to do with the material you use; and how to introduce and conclude. getting through the gate is very difficult, but once you’re in, there’s almost nothing you can do to get kicked out. instead, you can catch all of your ideas, in no particular order, on a sheet or two of a4. she had never smoked, or lived with anyone who had. there are several generic structures that can help you start to think about your essay structure e. the idea of not being successful terrifies them, disorients them, defeats them. you’ve got a beautiful wife and daughter, and you’re not going to be able to enjoy them with the pain. one day we were discussing virginia woolf’s novel the waves, which follows a group of friends from childhood to middle age. are the 5 reasons trump is going to win:Midwest math, or welcome to our rust belt brexit.”: my student was in her friend’s room writing a paper, not having a heart-to-heart.” the purpose of this brief is to highlight the reasons why, for a given individual, the benefits may not outweigh the costs. in one, researchers followed 4,493 medicare patients with either terminal cancer or congestive heart failure. careless use of commas can actually change the meaning of a sentence. creed called cox’s pharmacy to confirm that her refills had been waiting, and had her arrange for her niece to pick up the medicine when she came home from work. you will need to adapt and extend this basic structure to fit with your own discipline and the precise task set. recapthe characters of macbeth and faustus are very similar in many respects; for example they both willingly follow a path that leads to their damnation. for all but our most recent history, dying was typically a brief process. after that it’ll be eight years of the gays in the white house! “i’m thinking, can i get them a pretty good year or two out of this? and at most ivy league schools, it’s closer to 3.[but] there is a wide difference between being captains…of work, and taking the profits of it..:These can be useful starting points, but you will probably decide to work with a more complicated structure e. for the moment, though, sara and her husband, rich, sat by themselves on a quiet terrace off the labor floor. i never learned that there are smart people who don’t go to college at all. furthermore, a test of the drug against her cancer cells in a petri dish showed no effect. her kidneys were gone, and she would have to spend three days a week on a dialysis machine for the rest of her life. four traditionally democratic states – but each of them have elected a republican governor since 2010 (only pennsylvania has now finally elected a democrat). within a few years, it became routine for all patients admitted to a hospital, nursing home, or assisted-living facility to complete a multiple-choice form that boiled down to four crucial questions. if any such problem developed, sharon was instructed to call the twenty-four-hour hospice nurse on duty, who would provide instructions about which rescue medications to use and, if necessary, come out to help. and the next step for fighters was to escalate to intensive care. she was willing to change her opinion, she told him. my education taught me to believe that people who didn’t go to an ivy league or equivalent school weren’t worth talking to, regardless of their class. just because it will upset the apple cart and make mommy and daddy mad. so few kids come to college understanding this, it is no wonder.’m not talking about curricula or the culture wars, the closing or opening of the american mind, political correctness, canon formation, or what have you. you have a tip for the new yorker that requires anonymity and security? but when the oncologist asked the patient to explain in his own words what they’d discussed, she understood. few people have this discussion, and there is good reason for anyone to dread these conversations. she weighed twenty-five pounds less than she had in the fall. last words came to hold a particular place of reverence. now that students are in constant electronic contact, they never have trouble finding each other. but then hillary got scared and has decided to play it safe. and if they live in poor, black or hispanic neighborhoods, they not only have a longer line to wait in, everything is being done to literally stop them from casting a ballot. from the moment she arrived in the emergency room that friday morning in february, the train of events ran against a peaceful ending. there are high initial costs as the cancer is treated, and then, if all goes well, these costs taper off. how you plan to address the title in your essay structure;. i was given the unmistakable message that such people were beneath me.” “you’re right about that,” he said, looking at ashlee as she gave him a little horse. a study led by the harvard researcher nicholas christakis asked the doctors of almost five hundred terminally ill patients to estimate how long they thought their patient would survive, and then followed the patients. he could imagine himself surviving far out in that long tail. you may not be all that good, but you’re good enough. studies found that it could produce markedly longer survival in some patients. but, he told rich, “i’m worried this is it. the first time i blew a test, i walked out of the room feeling like i no longer knew who i was. the structure may be strong and clear, or it may be unobtrusive and minimal but, in a good essay, it will be there. because, when you’re young, you have zero tolerance for phonies and bs. producing incisive and clear written work within a word limit is an important skill in itself, which will be useful in many aspects of life beyond university.” we all know that, on average, college graduates make significantly more money over their lifetimes than those with only a high school education. it forgot that the true purpose of education is to make minds, not careers. well maybe it’s because he’s said (correctly) that the clintons’ support of nafta helped to destroy the industrial states of the upper midwest. is the argument, and how you decide to present and back up your argument, that will influence your decision on how to structure your essay. remember back in the ‘90s when the people of minnesota elected a professional wrestler as their governor?” for the moment, though, they had a baby to think about. a relevant structure that will help you show the development of your argument; and. i asked marcoux what he hopes to accomplish for terminal lung-cancer patients when they first come to see him. creating a relevant structure, you make it much easier for yourself to present an effective argument. but marcoux didn’t think that these were decisive obstacles—just negatives. having this system in place, thompson said, has made his job vastly easier.
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Should I Take Time Off? | Harvard Collegewhat happened in the uk with brexit is going to happen here. elite schools nurture excellence, but they also nurture what a former yale graduate student i know calls “entitled mediocrity. returning to the clinton/bush era for them is like suddenly having to pay for music, or using myspace or carrying around one of those big-ass portable phones. decisions on structure will be based on a combination of:The requirements of your department;. and before we do, let me state, i actually like hillary – a lot – and i think she has been given a bad rap she doesn’t deserve. stott (2001 p37) proposes that, ‘knowledge-telling is the regurgitation of knowledge in an essay. and in between, they spend four years taking courses that train them to ask the little questions—specialized courses, taught by specialized professors, aimed at specialized students. the feeling is that, by gosh, it just wouldn’t be fair—in other words, the self-protectiveness of the old-boy network, even if it now includes girls. in the meantime, he suggested trying another conventional chemotherapy, called navelbine. “the literature couldn’t have been more brutally clear: mesothelioma is incurable, with a median survival of only eight months after discovery,” he wrote. a patient like sara monopoli could continue to try chemotherapy and radiation, and go to the hospital when she wished—but also have a hospice team at home focussing on what she needed for the best possible life now and for that morning when she might wake up unable to breathe. the week after she was given the diagnosis and delivered her baby, she spelled out her wishes for vivian’s upbringing after she was gone. short to middle length sentences are almost always preferable to longer ones. you won’t find in print edition, from the likes of harold holzer, wendy smith, and neil shea. following surgery and experimental chemotherapy, he lived twenty more years before dying, in 2002, at the age of sixty, from a lung cancer that was unrelated to his original disease.’s face it: our biggest problem here isn’t trump – it’s hillary.” – is your brain’s way of trying to protect you from trauma. paul marcoux, an oncologist, met with her and her family to discuss the findings. but i do know that the life of the mind is lived one mind at a time: one solitary, skeptical, resistant mind at a time. the fact that we may be shortening or worsening the time we have left hardly seems to register. her lung cancer would almost certainly end her life long before her thyroid cancer caused any trouble. she and her husband had two children, and several grandchildren. when wishes aren’t clear, thompson said, “families have also become much more receptive to having the discussion. well, one of them said, i do feel uncomfortable sitting in my room by myself. only later did the family realize that those were the last words they would ever hear from her. add up the electoral votes cast by michigan, ohio, pennsylvania and wisconsin. i performed an emergency operation to remove the damaged length of colon and give her a colostomy. don’t they work harder than anyone else—indeed, harder than any previous generation? again this may be strong and obvious, or it may be almost invisible, but it needs to be there. “that one phrase that you used—‘prolong your life’—it just . anyone who remembers the injured sanctimony with which kenneth lay greeted the notion that he should be held accountable for his actions will understand the mentality in question—the belief that once you’re in the club, you’ve got a god-given right to stay in the club. although they were his only source of calories, the hospice staff encouraged discontinuing them because his body did not seem to be absorbing the nutrition. middle part of the essay must fulfil the promises made in your introduction, and must support your final conclusions. teachers like that still exist in this country, but the increasingly dire exigencies of academic professionalization have made them all but extinct at elite universities. “we’ll bring in an oncologist,” i hastened to add. with so many resources devoted to the business of elite academics and so many people scrambling for the limited space at the top of the ladder, it is worth asking what exactly it is you get in the end—what it is we all get, because the elite students of today, as their institutions never tire of reminding them, are the leaders of tomorrow. this past year, however, his difficulties with swallowing advanced to the point where he could not eat without aspirating food particles, and he cycled between hospital and rehabilitation facilities with the pneumonias that resulted. the surgeons told her that, in order to save his life, they would need to go back in. and how was he to know whether this new development was fixable?” words like “respond” and “long-term” provide a reassuring gloss on a dire reality. most important starting point is to listen carefully to what the essay title is telling you. when in doubt about any aspect of your reading for the essay, or about your writing, the first step is to go back and consult the essay title. that same day, as it happened, another student gave a presentation on emerson’s essay on friendship. like when you hear a loud noise on the street and you think, “oh, a tire just blew out,” or, “wow, who’s playing with firecrackers? all trump needs to do to win is to carry, as he’s expected to do, the swath of traditional red states from idaho to georgia (states that’ll never vote for hillary clinton), and then he just needs these four rust belt states. he went to a medical library when he got the diagnosis and pulled out the latest scientific articles on the disease. it is worth attending to all of the suggestions and comments you receive, and trying to act on them. and, in a war that you cannot win, you don’t want a general who fights to the point of total annihilation. it should be embarrassing not to know how to talk to any of them, if only because talking to people is the only real way of knowing them. if al gore and john kerry represent one of the characteristic products of an elite education, george w.” we want to – we need to – hope for the best because, frankly, life is already a shit show and it’s hard enough struggling to get by from paycheck to paycheck. but rarely is there nothing more that doctors can do. it’s another one of those metaphors, not so much a grade as a promise. select the most relevant material to refer to in your essay;. is not to say that students from elite colleges never pursue a riskier or less lucrative course after graduation, but even when they do, they tend to give up more quickly than others. they remain riven by doubt and fear and desperation; some are deluded by a fantasy of what medical science can achieve. it’s worth pausing to consider what had just happened. while beyond the scope of this piece, we do want to point out that these noneconomic factors can change the cost-benefit calculus. when marcoux told sara that the drug wasn’t going to work, she had an almost violent physical reaction to the news, bolting to the bathroom in mid-discussion with a sudden bout of diarrhea. in 1985, the paleontologist and writer stephen jay gould published an extraordinary essay entitled “the median isn’t the message,” after he had been given a diagnosis, three years earlier, of abdominal mesothelioma, a rare and lethal cancer usually associated with asbestos exposure..: a process where earlier stages are repeated when they can be revised in the light of subsequent work. i believe trump is going to focus much of his attention on the four blue states in the rustbelt of the upper great lakes – michigan, ohio, pennsylvania and wisconsin. a useful generic structure is to:Begin with a general point about the central issue;. research suggests that additional education improves overall wellbeing by affecting things like job satisfaction, health, marriage, parenting, trust, and social interaction. she slept most of the time and could do little out of the house. elmer gantry shows up looking like boris johnson and just says whatever shit he can make up to convince the masses that this is their chance!” i saw her every six weeks, and noted her physical decline from one visit to the next. but he had already become nearly quadriplegic and would remain severely disabled for many months and possibly forever. and now i have even more awful, depressing news for you: donald j. trying to soothe yourself with the facts – “77% of the electorate are women, people of color, young adults under 35 and trump cant win a majority of any of them! family room to talk about whether we should proceed with the amputation and the tracheotomy. visit any elite campus in our great nation and you can thrill to the heartwarming spectacle of the children of white businesspeople and professionals studying and playing alongside the children of black, asian, and latino businesspeople and professionals. you’re trying to learn what’s most important to them under the circumstances—so that you can provide information and advice on the approach that gives them the best chance of achieving it. the aim is to leave your reader feeling that you have done a good job. almost all these patients had known, for some time, that they had a terminal condition. there was a young woman with multiple organ failure from a devastating case of pneumonia, a man in his mid-sixties with a ruptured colon that had caused a rampaging infection and a heart attack. so alien was his experience to me, so unguessable his values, so mysterious his very language, that i couldn’t succeed in engaging him in a few minutes of small talk before he got down to work. and, six months after their death, their caregivers were three times as likely to suffer major depression. noted above, the gap in annual earnings between young high school graduates and bachelor’s degree holders working full time is ,000. yet, even in a wheelchair, sara would always arrive smiling, makeup on and bangs bobby-pinned out of her eyes. instead of an infection, as everyone had expected, it was lung cancer, and it had already spread to the lining of her chest.” she was given two weeks to recover her strength after the radiation. the main problem is one of selection: if the smartest, most motivated people are both more likely to go to college and more likely to be financially successful, then the observed difference in earnings by years of education doesn’t measure the true effect of college. joanne nowak, evaluated galloway upon his arrival at home, he appeared to have only a few days left. she confessed to rich that, for the past two months, she had experienced double vision and was unable to feel her hands. if a quote or piece of data is worth including, then it’s also worth explaining why you’ve included it: ‘do not leave your reader to work out the implications of any statement. she told the father that he needed to understand: time with his son was limited, and the young man was going to need his father’s help getting through it. nixon, the gender traitor, imposing title ix on us, the rule that said girls in school should get an equal chance at playing sports. according to experts, you shouldn’t say, “i’m sorry things turned out this way,” for example. because of terminal illness is for most people a kind of failure. what gets less attention is the fact that not all college degrees or college graduates are equal. lee, someone who knew how to fight for territory when he could and how to surrender when he couldn’t, someone who understood that the damage is greatest if all you do is fight to the bitter end. i’d just bought a house, the pipes needed fixing, and the plumber was standing in my kitchen. professors at top research institutions are valued exclusively for the quality of their scholarly work; time spent on teaching is time lost. the experimental drug was not designed to cross the blood-brain barrier. “i am not afraid to make a mistake,” stephen dedalus says, “even a great mistake, a lifelong mistake, and perhaps as long as eternity, too. then you need to plan how you will respond to every single element of the title. for these patients, the traditional hospice rules applied—in order to qualify for home hospice, they had to give up attempts at curative treatment. we imagine that we can wait until the doctors tell us that there is nothing more they can do. perhaps marcoux could have discussed what she most wanted as death neared and how best to achieve those wishes. but i found myself almost immediately minimizing what i’d said. “whether it was with inhaling or exhaling, i don’t remember, but it was horrible, horrible, horrible to listen to. while the average return to obtaining a college degree is clearly positive, we emphasize that it is not universally so. this is the moment in sara’s story that poses a fundamental question for everyone living in the era of modern medicine: what do we want sara and her doctors to do now? how can the race be this close after everything trump has said and done? need to read every single word of it, and to squeeze out as much guidance you can from the title. the structure you choose needs to be one that will be most helpful to you in addressing the essay title.” i think of gould and his essay every time i have a patient with a terminal illness. so now she just lay there tethered to her pumps, drifting in and out of consciousness. suppose i was wrong, i wondered, and she proved to be that miracle patient who survived metastatic lung cancer? forty years ago, the average gpa at both public and private universities was about 2. paradoxically, the situation may be better at second-tier schools and, in particular, again, at liberal arts colleges than at the most prestigious universities. thomas monopoli was pregnant with her first child when her doctors learned that she was going to die. note taking, so that you record the most relevant material, and that you have full reference details (including page numbers of direct quotes) of all material you may end up using. yale, and no doubt at other places, the message is reinforced in embarrassingly literal terms. this was stunning, and puzzling: it wasn’t obvious what made the approach work. my friend once got a d in a class in which she’d been running an a because she was coming off a waitressing shift and had to hand in her term paper an hour late. she felt as if i’d dropped her off a cliff.
Ivy League Schools Are Overrated. Send Your Kids Elsewherein another way, the diagnosis of pneumonia was reassuring, because it was just an infection. that’s why she fights against gays getting married one moment, and the next she’s officiating a gay marriage. the neurosurgeon said that the procedure to remove the mass carried a twenty-per-cent chance of leaving him quadriplegic, paralyzed from the neck down. it means foreswearing your allegiance, in lonely freedom, to god, to country, and to yale. “dave, i don’t know anyone who can manage this kind of pain without the medication,” she said. but another consequence has to do with the large majority who can get with the program. they have, by definition, never experienced anything else, and their sense of self has been built around their ability to succeed. but the kids don’t like her, and not a day goes by that a millennial doesn’t tell me they aren’t voting for her. for doctors, the primary purpose of a discussion about terminal illness is to determine what people want—whether they want chemo or not, whether they want to be resuscitated or not, whether they want hospice or not. taught a class several years ago on the literature of friendship. the essay is used as a form of assessment in many academic disciplines, and is used in both coursework and exams.) i know from long experience as an adviser that not every yale student is appropriate and well-adjusted, which is exactly why it worries me that so many of them act that way. the physical form of the university—its quads and residential colleges, with their gothic stone façades and wrought-iron portals—is constituted by the locked gate set into the encircling wall. moreover, six months after the patients died their family members were much less likely to experience persistent major depression. the gate, in other words, is a kind of governing metaphor—because the social form of the university, as is true of every elite school, is constituted the same way. we also do not want to dismiss personal preferences, and we acknowledge that many people derive value from their careers in ways that have nothing to do with money. the drug was so new that it didn’t even have a name, just a number—pf0231006—and this made it all the more enticing. notice that this amount is less than the raw differences in earnings between high school graduates and bachelor’s degree holders of ,000, but it is in the same ballpark. and because this election is going to come down to just one thing — who drags the most people out of the house and gets them to the polls — trump right now is in the catbird seat. the task ahead is nothing more and nothing less than is stated in the title. consistently poor grammar or spelling can give the impression of lack of care, and lack of clarity of thought. in an era in which the relationship between patient and doctor is increasingly miscast in retail terms—“the customer is always right”—doctors are especially hesitant to trample on a patient’s expectations. she was ready to try anything, and i found myself focussing on the news about experimental therapies for her lung cancer. to enroll, she would need to wait two months, in order to get far enough past the episode. cox’s blood pressure was acceptable, but her heart rate was high. witness the last two democratic presidential nominees, al gore and john kerry: one each from harvard and yale, both earnest, decent, intelligent men, both utterly incapable of communicating with the larger electorate. although the notion of breadth is implicit in the very idea of a liberal arts education, the admissions process increasingly selects for kids who have already begun to think of themselves in specialized terms—the junior journalist, the budding astronomer, the language prodigy. just before thanksgiving of 2007, sara monopoli, her husband, rich, and her mother, dawn thomas, met with dr. sara was started on the tarceva, which produced an itchy, acne-like facial rash and numbing tiredness. it is your task to present your argument in a way that your audience can follow; it is not your audience’s job to launch an investigation to detect the points you are trying to make. editing your writing as you develop your ideas is a positive not a negative process: the more you cross out, re-write, and re-order, the better your essay should become. have attempted to get around this problem of causality by employing a number of clever techniques, including, for example, comparing identical twins with different levels of education. you have to live in an ordinary house instead of an apartment in manhattan or a mansion in l. when people say that students at elite schools have a strong sense of entitlement, they mean that those students think they deserve more than other people because their sat scores are higher. or, to put it another way, if you were the one who had metastatic cancer—or, for that matter, a similarly advanced case of emphysema or congestive heart failure—what would you want your doctors to do? by the first week of february, she needed oxygen at home to breathe. but, either way, they received phone calls from palliative-care nurses who offered to check in regularly and help them find services for anything from pain control to making out a living will. collection of question lists is available via the learning development website. can use the writing process to help you think through, clarify and develop your early ideas about how you might respond to the title that has been set:‘you may not know what you think until you have written it down’ (creme & lea, 1997 p115). is nothing wrong with taking pride in one’s intellect or knowledge. “take a nitro,” cox said, referring to the nitroglycerin pill that she can slip under her tongue. the cost of college matters as well: the more someone has to pay to attend, the lower the net benefit of attending. she reminded her about the good days she’d had—the previous weekend, for example, when she’d been able to go out with her portable oxygen cylinder to shop with her niece and get her hair colored. but her children couldn’t let her go, and asked to proceed with the placement of various devices: a permanent tracheotomy, a feeding tube, and a dialysis catheter. her ankles were swollen with fluid, and when creed asked for her pillbox she saw that cox was out of her heart medication. the hard question we face, then, is not how we can afford this system’s expense. at a school like yale, students who come to class and work hard expect nothing less than an a-. an independent mind is independent of all allegiances, and elite schools, which get a large percentage of their budget from alumni giving, are strongly invested in fostering institutional loyalty. start you off, and to minimise the likelihood of writer’s block, a useful exercise is to do a ‘brainstorm’ of all your ideas in connection with the essay title. if i were religious, i would say, god does not love them more. the emergency medical technicians and firefighters and police rushed in. in other words, people who had substantive discussions with their doctor about their end-of-life preferences were far more likely to die at peace and in control of their situation, and to spare their family anguish. creed listened to her heart, which had a normal rhythm, and to her lungs, hearing the fine crackles of her pulmonary fibrosis but also a new wheeze. not the most abject academic failure, not the most heinous act of plagiarism, not even threatening a fellow student with bodily harm—i’ve heard of all three—will get you expelled. we are increasingly the generals who march the soldiers onward, saying all the while, “you let me know when you want to stop. wretched, ignorant, dangerous part-time clown and full time sociopath is going to be our next president. i’m talking about the whole system in which these skirmishes play out. here is an example of an introduction for an essay entitled:Examine and compare the nature and development of the tragic figures of macbeth and dr faustus in their respective plays. there were a few hovering issues, including the fact that the scientists didn’t yet know the safe dose. she told him that in her entire career she had never seen third-line chemotherapy produce a significant response in his type of brain tumor. the soaring cost of health care is the greatest threat to the country’s long-term solvency, and the terminally ill account for a lot of it. the medical team had only one option left: to put her on a ventilator. i still remember the attending”—the oncologist who admitted her for the pneumonia treatment. i’ve seen her regularly in the months since, as she embarked on chemotherapy. so she was geared up, eager to discuss when to operate. nurse with a stethoscope, knocking on lee cox’s door on a quiet street in boston’s mattapan neighborhood. p & lea mr (1997) writing at university: a guide for students.’s no wonder that the few students who are passionate about ideas find themselves feeling isolated and confused. it used to be that you couldn’t always get together with your friends even when you wanted to.” the goal, i said, was to “prolong your life” as much as possible.” all-out treatment, we tell the terminally ill, is a train you can get off at any time—just say when.” in 2008, the national coping with cancer project published a study showing that terminally ill cancer patients who were put on a mechanical ventilator, given electrical defibrillation or chest compressions, or admitted, near death, to intensive care had a substantially worse quality of life in their last week than those who received no such interventions. ten years ago, her seventy-four-year-old father, jack block, a professor emeritus of psychology at the university of california at berkeley, was admitted to a san francisco hospital with symptoms from what proved to be a mass growing in the spinal cord of his neck. but, ultimately, death comes, and no one is good at knowing when to stop. “but treatment can hold the disease down for a long time. one saturday morning last winter, i met with a woman i had operated on the night before. “what do you do if you have chest pain that doesn’t go away? even with chemotherapy, the median survival is about a year. for certain schools, majors, occupations, and individuals, college may not be a smart investment. didn’t dawn on me that there might be a few holes in my education until i was about 35. her family saw how much her suffering diminished, and suddenly they didn’t want any more suffering. in this brief, we take a rather narrow view of the value of a college degree, focusing on the earnings premium. and in the same way like when you’re standing on the edge of niagara falls and your mind wonders for a moment what would that feel like to go over that thing, a lot of people are going to love being in the position of puppetmaster and plunking down for trump just to see what that might look like. her father, gary, and her twin sister, emily, still held out hope for a cure. our system of technological medical care has utterly failed to meet these needs, and the cost of this failure is measured in far more than dollars. upstairs in her hospital room, morris talked with sara and rich about the ways in which the cancer had been weakening her, making it hard for her body to fight off infection. yet the opportunity not to be rich is one of the greatest opportunities with which young americans have been blessed. just answering the door, with her thirty-foot length of oxygen tubing trailing after her, had left her winded. some retained a loose link to it while others abandoned it completely, in favour of more fluid patterns. a tutor has said (creme and lea, 1997 p41):‘when my students ask me about essay writing, there are three main pieces of advice that i give them. section heading is in quotes as it is also the heading of chapter 8, pages 80-92, in barass (1982).. but there are always students who don’t do the work, or who are taking a class far outside their field (for fun or to fulfill a requirement), or who aren’t up to standard to begin with (athletes, legacies). her husband had died after a long illness, with a feeding tube and a tracheotomy, and she had mentioned that she didn’t want to die that way. but then i remembered how timid i’d been with sara monopoli, and all those studies about how much doctors beat around the bush. john quincy adams, millard fillmore, and andrew johnson all succumbed to strokes, and died within two days. furthermore, we have to factor in the opportunity cost of college, measured as the foregone earnings a student gives up when he or she leaves or delays entering the workforce in order to attend school. in late 2004, executives at aetna, the insurance company, started an experiment. with teaching, it is often not until you try to communicate an argument and its evidence that you find where the gaps are in your knowledge or argument. for me, the long tail for a patient like her is three to four years. but a humanistic education is supposed to mean something more than that, as universities still dimly feel. balanced presentation of reasons why the conclusions of other writers may be accepted or may need to be treated with caution;. “i would have felt so guilty that i condemned him to that,” she said. they were talking about trying to write poetry, how friends of theirs from college called it quits within a year or two while people they know from less prestigious schools are still at it. response rates, he said, were still very good for patients on this therapy. so don’t be afraid of writing down your ideas before they are fully formed, or in the ‘right’ order. discussion had brought la crosse’s end-of-life costs down to just over half the national average. it is also filled with people who have a dark sense of humor — and voting for ventura was their version of a good practical joke on a sick political system. but social intelligence and emotional intelligence and creative ability, to name just three other forms, are not distributed preferentially among the educational elite. economic facts about social mobility and the role of education., you need to take a break from your essay so that you can return to it with fresh eyes for the final editing. these few have tended to feel like freaks, not least because they get so little support from the university itself. “i just didn’t want to stop treatment,” she said. that last month, he said, the family simply focussed on being together, and it proved to be the most meaningful time they’d ever spent. i was summoned, as a general surgeon, to see what could be done. can make an appointment to come and see us about any study-related queries you have. example below relates to the essay title used on the previous page. i could carry on conversations with people from other countries, in other languages, but i couldn’t talk to the man who was standing in my own house. go ahead and say the words, ‘cause you’ll be saying them for the next four years: “president trump.
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